Journal of Community Health

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 124–130 | Cite as

Breast Cancer Prevention Knowledge, Beliefs, and Information Sources Between Non-Hispanic and Hispanic College Women for Risk Reduction Focus

Original Paper

Abstract

Although growing research focuses on breast cancer screenings, little is known about breast cancer prevention with risk reduction awareness for ethnic differences among college-age women. This study examined breast cancer prevention knowledge, beliefs, and information sources between non-Hispanic and Hispanic college women. Using a cross-sectional study, women at a university in the Southwest completed a 51-item survey about breast cancer risk factors, beliefs, and media and interpersonal information sources. The study was guided by McGuire’s Input Output Persuasion Model. Of the 546 participants, non-Hispanic college women (n = 277) and Hispanic college women (n = 269) reported similar basic knowledge levels of modifiable breast cancer risk factors for alcohol consumption (52 %), obesity (72 %), childbearing after age 35 (63 %), and menopausal hormone therapy (68 %) using bivariate analyses. Most common information sources were Internet (75 %), magazines (69 %), provider (76 %) and friends (61 %). Least common sources were radio (44 %), newspapers (34 %), and mothers (36 %). Non-Hispanic college women with breast cancer family history were more likely to receive information from providers, friends, and mothers. Hispanic college women with a breast cancer family history were more likely to receive information from their mothers. Breast cancer prevention education for college women is needed to include risk reduction for modifiable health behavior changes as a new focus. Health professionals may target college women with more information sources including the Internet or apps.

Keywords

Breast cancer Prevention Healthcare education Health disparities 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Health Sciences, MSC 3HLS, College of Health and Social ServicesNew Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA
  2. 2.Border Epidemiology and Environmental Health CenterNew Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA
  3. 3.Polio Eradication InitiativeWorld Health OrganizationGenevaSwitzerland

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