Skip to main content

Energy Drink Use in University Students and Associated Factors

Abstract

The use of energy drinks is common among adolescents and young age groups. The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink consumption status in students at the Karadeniz Technical University in Turkey and the factors affecting this. The research was performed at the Karadeniz Technical University among a total of 2001 students attending the Administration Department, the Physical Education Department, the Psychological Counseling and Guidance Department and the Faculty of Medicine. The research data were collected using the supervised questionnaire method. The 53.5 % (n = 1070) of students had never tried energy drinks, 22.5 % (n = 450) had tried them once only, 1.5 % (n = 30) had used them for a time and then gave up, 21.1 % (n = 422) consumed occasionally and 1.4 % (n = 29) regularly. The risks of regular energy drink consuming were male gender [2.4 (1.8–3.2)] [OR (95 %CI)], studying at night [1.6 (1.2–2.2)], having friends consuming energy drinks [3.6 (2.6–5.0)], regular physical activity [1.9 (1.4–2.5)], being an alcohol drinker [2.4 (1.7–3.2)]. This study revealed that almost half of university students had experience of energy drinks and that approximately one-fourth still used them. It will be useful for these factors listed above to be borne in mind in the development of policies aimed at protecting young people from the health impacts of energy drinks.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Gıda Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı Gıda ve Kontrol genel Müdürlüğü Türk Gıda Kodeksi Yönetmeliği Enerji İçecekleri Tebliği. Internet address: http://www.gkgm.gov.tr/mevzuat/kodeks/2006-47.html. Accessed 19 Mar 2013.

  2. http://www.redbull.com.tr/cs/Satellite/tr_TR/Red-Bull-Enerji-%C4%B0%C3%A7ece%C4%9Fi/001243172453939?pcs_c=PCS_Product&pcs_cid=1243155751375&pcs_pvt=ingredient. Accessed 23 Mar 2013.

  3. http://www.burn.com.tr/pages/landing/urunler.html. Accessed 23 Mar 2013.

  4. Kavita, M., Babu, M. D., Richard James Church, M. D., & William Lewander, M. D. (2008). Energy drinks: The new eye-opener for adolescents. Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 9(1), 35–42.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Clauson, Kevin. A., Shields, Kelly. M., McQueen, Cydney. E., & Persad, Nikki. (2008). Safety issues associated with commercially available energy drinks. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, 48(3), 55–67.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Mandy Rath, BSN, FNP-s. (2012). Energy drinks: What is all the hype? The dangers of energy drink consumption. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 24(2), 70–76.

  7. Seifert, Sara. M., Schaechter, J. L., Hershorin, E. R., & Lipshultz, S. E. (2011). Health effects of energy drinks on children. Adolescents and Young Adults. Pediatrics, 127(3), 511–528.

    PubMed  Article  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  8. Park, Sohyun., Onufrak, Stephen., Blanck, H. M., & Sherry, B. (2013). Characteristics associated with consumption of sports and energy drinks among US adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2010. Journal of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(1), 112–119.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Gallimberti, L., Buja, A., Chindamo, S., Vinelli, A., Lazzarin, G., Terraneo, A., et al. (2013). Energy drink consumption in children and early adolescents. European Journal of Pediatrics, 172(10), 1335–1340.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Berger, L. K., Fendrich, M., Chen, H.-Y., Arria, A. M., & Cisler, R. A. (2011). Sociodemographic correlates of energy drink consumption with and without alcohol: Results of a community survey. Addictive Behaviours, 36(5), 516–519.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Attila, S., & Çakır, B. (2011). Energy-drink consumption in college students and associated factors. Nutrition, 27(3), 316–322.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Funda İsçioğlu, Gülden Ova, Yasin Duyar, Mustafa Köksal. (2010). Üniversite öğrencileri arasındaki enerji içeceği tüketimi ve bilinci araştırması. Akademik Gıda, 8(5), 6–11.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Hidiroglu, S., Tanriover, O., Unaldi, S., Sulun, S., & Karavus, M. (2013). A survey of energy-drink consumption among medical students. Jounal of Pakistan Medical Association, 63(7), 842–845.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Reissig, C. J., Strain, E. C., & Griffiths, R. R. (2009). Caffeinated energy drinks—A growing problem. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 99(1–3), 1–10.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  15. Malinauskas, B. M., Aeby, V. G., Overton, R. F., Carpenter-Aeby, T., & Barber-Heidal, K. (2007). A survey of energy drink consumption patterns among college students. Nutrition Journal, 6(35), 41.

    Google Scholar 

  16. http://www.gidaraporu.com/genclik-icin-tehlike_g.html. Accessed 10 Dec 2013.

  17. http://brandtalks.org/2013/04/turkiyede-enerji-icecekleri-pazari-ve-markalari-ne-durumda/. Accessed 10 Dec 2013.

  18. Spierer, K. D., Blanding, N., & Santella, A. (2014). Energy drink consumption and associated health behaviours among university students in an urban setting. Journal of Community Health, 39, 132–138.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Skewes, M. C., DeCou, C. R., & Gonzalez, V. M. (2013). Energy drink use, problem drinking and drinking motives in a diverse sample of Alaskan college students. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 72, 21204.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Ballisteri, M.C., Corradi-Webster, C. M. (2008). Consumption of energy drinks among physical education students. Rev Latino-am Enfermagem. 16(especial): 558–64.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Brache, Kristina., & Stockwell, Timothy. (2011). Drinking patterns and risk behaviors associated with combined alcohol and energy drink consumption in college drinkers. Addictive Behaviors, 36, 1133–1140.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. O’Brien, M. C., McCoy, T. P., Rhodes, S. D., Wagoner, A., & Wolfson, M. (2008). Caffeinated cocktails: Energy drink consumption, high risk drinking, and alcohol related consequences among college students. Academic Emergency Medicine, 15, 453–460.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Marczinski, C. A. (2011). Alcohol mixed with energy drinks: Consumption patterns and motivations for use in US college students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8(8), 3232–3245.

    PubMed  Article  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Bekir Bulut.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Bulut, B., Beyhun, N.E., Topbaş, M. et al. Energy Drink Use in University Students and Associated Factors. J Community Health 39, 1004–1011 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-014-9849-3

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-014-9849-3

Keywords

  • Energy drink
  • University student
  • Alcohol
  • Physical activity