The Interplay Between Maladaptive Personality Traits and Mindfulness Deficits Among Adolescent Regular Gamblers: A Mediation Model
- 84 Downloads
Authors aimed to examine an explanatory model of risk that started with dysfunctional personality trait domains, passed through low levels of mindfulness, and culminated with problem gambling. For individuals with problem gambling, mindfulness may provide a significant avenue to prevent them from engaging in addictive behaviors and lead them to an improved sense of self-control and emotion regulation. We employed a mediation analysis design assessing 326 Caucasian adolescent regular gamblers ranging in age from 15 to 17 years who were recruited in betting or bingo halls. Using the Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Brief Form (PID-5-BF)-Children, the South Oaks Gambling Screen, and the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure, we examined the hypothesis that low levels of mindfulness partially mediate the relationship between dysfunctional personality trait domains and problem gambling. The findings underline the role that may play by the core skills of mindfulness. Indeed, results suggest how adolescents with personalities characterized by antagonism, disinhibition, and negative affectivity may tend toward a lack of awareness of self-related mental states and difficulty purposefully regulating attention and dealing with negative emotions that predispose them to gambling as a means of escape from uncomfortable feelings.
KeywordsPersonality traits Mindfulness Regular gamblers Adolescents
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Human and Animal Rights
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
- Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO- FFI) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
- de Lisle, S., Dowling, N., & Allen, J. (2014). Mechanisms of action in the inverse relationship between dispositional mindfulness and problem gambling. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 12(2), 206–225.Google Scholar
- Dowling, N. A., Cowlishaw, S., Jackson, A. C., Merkouris, S. S., Francis, K. L., & Christensen, D. R. (2015). The prevalence of comorbid personality disorders in treatment-seeking problem gamblers: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Personality Disorders, 29(6), 735–754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Dowling, N., Merkouris, S., Cowlishaw, S., Francis, K., Jackson, A., Christensen, D., et al. (2011). Prevalence of co-occurring psychiatric disorders in treatment seeking problem gamblers. In Symposium paper presented at the 21st National Conference of the National Association for Gambling Studies, Melbourne.Google Scholar
- Graham, B. (1994). Parkville climbs back into gambling picture. Kansas: City Star, 9 Nov.Google Scholar
- Neale, P., Delfabbro, P., & O’Neil, M. (2005). Problem gambling and harm: Towards a national definition. Melbourne: Gambling Research Australia.Google Scholar
- Pace, U., Schimmenti, A., Zappulla, C., & Di Maggio, R. (2013). Psychological variables characterizing different types of adolescent gamblers: A discriminant function analysis. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 10, 253–259.Google Scholar
- Povoledo, E. (2013). Fears of social breakdown as gambling explodes in Italy. The New York Times. Retrieved January 19, 2013, from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/29/world/europe/fears-of-social-breakdown-as-gambling-explodes-in-italy.html?hp.
- Studer, J., Baggio, S., Mohler-Kuo, M., Simon, O., Daeppen, J. B., & Gmel, G. (2016). Latent class analysis of gambling activities in a sample of young swiss men: Association with gambling problems, substance use outcomes, personality traits and coping strategies. Journal of Gambling Studies, 2, 421–440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Zappulla, C., Pace, U., Cascio, V. L., Guzzo, G., & Huebner, E. S. (2014). Factor structure and convergent validity of the long and abbreviated versions of the Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale in an Italian sample. Social Indicators Research, 118, 57–69.Google Scholar