Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 671–687 | Cite as

Life Interference Due to Gambling in Three Canadian Provinces

  • Tracie O. AfifiEmail author
  • Jitender Sareen
  • Tamara Taillieu
  • Sarah Turner
  • Janique Fortier
Original Paper


The gambling landscape among provinces in Canada is diverse. Yet, few studies have investigated provincial differences related to life interference due to gambling. The objectives of the current study were to examine: (1) provincial differences with regard to gambling types and (2) if gender, family history of gambling, and alcohol or drug use while gambling were related to an increased likelihood of life interference in three Canadian provinces. Data were drawn from the 2013 and 2014 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey from Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and British Columbia (n = 30,150). Analyses were conducted stratified by provinces and also combined using logistic regression models. Provincial differences were noted with individuals from British Columbia compared to Manitoba being less likely to play VLTs outside of casinos, play live horse racing at a track or off track, and participate in sports gambling. Those in Saskatchewan compared to Manitoba were more likely to play VLTs inside a casino. When examining all provinces combined, family history of gambling was associated with increased odds of life interference. Gender was not associated with life interference. Provincial differences were noted, which may be in part related to differences in gambling landscapes. Family history of gambling may have clinical relevance for understanding which individuals may be more likely to experience life interference due to gambling. Further research is needed to clarify the link between alcohol and drug use while gambling and life interference due to gambling as the models in the current research were likely underpowered.


Problem gambling Provinces Interference Family history of gambling Video lottery terminals (VLTs) 



Preparation of this article was supported by a Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) New Investigator Award (Afifi) and the Manitoba Gambling Research Program of Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries (Afifi); however, the findings and conclusions of this paper are those solely of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Afifi received funding from the Manitoba Gambling Research Program of Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries to conduct this research; however, the findings and conclusions of this paper are those solely of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries. Sareen, Taillieu, Turner and Fortier declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tracie O. Afifi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jitender Sareen
    • 2
  • Tamara Taillieu
    • 3
  • Sarah Turner
    • 4
  • Janique Fortier
    • 5
  1. 1.Departments of Community Health Sciences and PsychiatryUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.Applied Health Sciences Program, 202 Active Living CentreUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  4. 4.Departments of Community Health Sciences and PsychiatryUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  5. 5.Department of Community Health SciencesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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