Where Lies the Harm in Lottery Gambling? A Portrait of Gambling Practices and Associated Problems
Lotteries are one of the most prevalent forms of gambling and generate substantial state revenues. They are also argued to be one of the least harmful forms of gambling. This paper is one of the first to examine exclusive lottery gamblers and compares their gambling patterns and problems as well other associated risky behaviours to those who are not exclusive lottery gamblers. Data were derived from two large surveys conducted with representative adult samples in France (n = 15,635) and Québec (n = 23,896). Participants were separated into two groups: exclusive lottery gamblers (ELGs) and non-exclusive lottery gamblers. Using multivariate analysis, study results reveal that ELGs, who represent two thirds of gamblers, generally exhibit less intensive gambling patterns and are less likely to report other risky behaviours. However, harms associated with moderate risk and problem gambling are found to be concentrated in specific subpopulations for both groups, primarily males, older individuals, and those who report lower income and education level. Given widespread participation in lotteries and concentration of harm within specific subgroups, these findings point to the need for prevention efforts despite the lower levels of harm associated with lottery gambling.
KeywordsLottery gamblers Gambling patterns Gambling problems Risky behaviours
Dr. Kairouz received partial financial support for this article from the Research Chair on Gambling, funded by the Fonds de Recherche du Québec–Société et Culture (FRQ-SC) under Grant #65408. She and Mr. Costes received additional funding by the Commission Permanente de Cooperation Franco-Québecoise (CPCFQ) under Grant #130876.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This project has been approved by the Research Ethics Board of Concordia University.
- Babor, T. F., Higgins-Biddle, J. C., Saunders, J. B., & Monteiro, M. G. (2001). AUDIT: The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test: Guidelines for use in primary health care. Geneva, CH: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
- Binde, P. (2011). What are the most harmful forms of gambling? Analyzing problem gambling prevalence surveys (CEFOS Working Paper No. 12). Retrieved 12 Feb 2018 from University of Gothenburg website. http://220.127.116.11/handle/2077/26165.
- Browne, M., Langham, E., Rawat, V., Greer, N., Li, E., Rose, J., et al. (2016). Assessing gambling-related harm in Victoria: A public health perspective. Melbourne, AU: Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation.Google Scholar
- Costes, J.-M., Eroukmanoff, V., Richard, J.-B., & Tovar, M.-L. (2015). Les jeux d’argent et de hasard en France en 2014 [Gambling in France in 2014]. Les notes de l’Observatoire des jeux, 6, 1–9.Google Scholar
- Ferris, J., & Wynne, H. (2001). The Canadian Problem Gambling Index. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse.Google Scholar
- Kairouz, S., Nadeau, L., & Paradis, C. (2011). ENHJEU-Quebec Survey: Portrait of gambling in Quebec: Prevalence, incidence and trajectories over four years. Retrieved 12 Feb 2018 from Concordia University website. https://www.concordia.ca/content/dam/artsci/research/lifestyle-addiction/docs/projects/enhjeu-q/ENHJEU-QUEBEC-Report-28-April-2011-Final.pdf.
- Peinado, P. (2015). The WLA Global Lottery Data Compendium 2015: An annual review of the lottery industry based on data from WLA members. Basel, CH: World Lottery Association.Google Scholar
- Productivity Commission. (2010). Gambling (Report No. 50). Canberra, AU: Productivity Commission.Google Scholar
- Richard, J.-B., Gautier, A., Guignard, R., Léon, C., & Beck, F. (2015). Méthode d’enquête du Baromètre santé 2014. Retrieved 12 Feb 2018 from Inpes website. http://inpes.santepubliquefrance.fr/CFESBases/catalogue/detaildoc.asp?numfiche=1613.
- Short, M. M., Penney, A. M., Mazmanian, D., & Jamieson, J. (2015). Lottery ticket and instant win ticket gambling: Exploring the distinctions. Journal of Gambling Issues, 30, 6–21.Google Scholar
- Swiss Institute of Comparative Law. (2006). Study of gambling services in the internal market of the European Union. Lausanne, CH: Swiss Institute of Comparative Law.Google Scholar
- Wardle, H., Moody, A., Spence, S., Orford, J., Volberg, R. A., Jotangla, D., et al. (2011). British gambling prevalence survey 2010. Retrieved 12 Feb 2018 from UK Government website. https://www.bl.uk/collection-items/british-gambling-prevalence-survey-2010.