Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 567–579 | Cite as

Game On: Past Year Gambling, Gambling-Related Problems, and Fantasy Sports Gambling Among College Athletes and Non-athletes

  • Ryan J. MartinEmail author
  • Sarah E. Nelson
  • Andrew R. Gallucci
Original Paper


College students experience higher rates of gambling-related problems than most other population segments, including the general population. Although Division I (D1) athletes often have more at stake than the average student if and when they gamble (e.g., the potential to lose their athletic eligibility), relatively few studies have assessed the gambling behavior of this population and none have specifically assessed fantasy sports gambling. We conducted a study to examine gambling behavior (past-year gambling, gambling-related problems, and fantasy sport gambling) among a sample (N = 692) of college students at a private religiously affiliated university in the Southwest US. The sample for our study was unique in that approximately 30 % of the participants were D1 athletes. We compared the gambling behavior among three groups based on the athlete status: D1 athletes, club/intramural/recreational (CIR) athletes, and non-athletes (NAs). Compared to females in our sample, males observed higher rates of past year gambling, fantasy sports participation, fantasy sports gambling, and gambling-related problems. Among males, we found that CIR athletes observed the highest rates of past year gambling and fantasy sports participation and D1 athletes observed higher rates than NAs. We did not find differences in fantasy sport gambling and past year gambling-related problems based on athlete status in males or females.


Gambling problems Fantasy sports College students College athletes 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare in relation to this article.

Grant support

This research was not funded by grant support.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan J. Martin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sarah E. Nelson
    • 2
  • Andrew R. Gallucci
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Health Education and PromotionEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA
  2. 2.Division on Addiction, Cambridge Health AllianceHarvard Medical SchoolMedfordUSA
  3. 3.Department of Health, Human Performance, and RecreationBaylor UniversityWacoUSA

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