Internet gambling is popular in college students and associated with problem gambling behaviors. This study evaluated Internet gambling in 117 students participating in study evaluating brief interventions to reduce gambling; the brief interventions consisted of minimal advice, motivational enhancement therapy, and cognitive-behavioral therapy (1–4 sessions). Compared to their counterparts who did not gamble via the Internet (n = 60), those who reported recent Internet gambling (n = 57) wagered in greater frequencies and amounts and reported missing school more often and more problems with family and anxiety due to gambling. Recent Internet gamblers demonstrated similar reductions in gambling over time and in response to the brief interventions as non-Internet gamblers. These data suggest that Internet gambling is common in problem gambling college students, and students who wager over the Internet can benefit from brief interventions.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Álvarez-Moya, E., Jiménez-Murcia, S., Aymamí, M. A., Gómez-Peña, M., Granero, R., Santamaría, J., et al. (2010). Sub typing study of a pathological gamblers sample. La Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie, 55, 498–506.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and sadistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Press.
Bakken, I. J., Gotestam, K. G., Grawe, R. W., Wenzel, H. G., & Oren, A. (2009). Gambling behavior and gambling problems in Norway 2007. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 50(4), 333–339.
Barnes, G. M., Welte, J. W., Hoffman, J. H., & Tidwell, M. C. (2009). Gambling, alcohol, and other substance use among youth in the United States. Journal of Studies on Alcohol & Drugs, 70, 134–142.
Blaszczynski, A., & Nower, L. (2002). A pathway model of problem and pathological gambling. Addiction, 97(5), 487–499.
Brunelle, N., Leclerc, D., Cousineau, M. M., Dufour, M., Gendron, A., & Martin, I. (2012). Internet gambling, substance use, and delinquent behavior: An adolescent deviant behavior involvement pattern. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26, 364–370.
Bu, E. T., & Skutle, A. (2013). After the ban of slot machines in Norway: A new group of treatment-seeking pathological gamblers? Journal of Gambling Studies, 29, 37–50.
Burge, A. N., Pietrzak, R. H., & Petry, N. M. (2006). Pre/Early adolescent onset of gambling and psychosocial problems in treatment-seeking pathological gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 22(3), 263–274.
Dickson, L., Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2008). Youth gambling problems: Examining risk and protective factors. International Gambling Studies, 8(1), 25–47.
Ellenbogen, S., Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2007). Gender differences among adolescents with gambling-related problems. Journal of Gambling Studies, 23(2), 133–143.
Engwall, D., Hunter, R., & Steinberg, M. (2004). Gambling and other risk behaviors on university campuses. Journal of American College Health, 52, 245–255.
Floros, G., & Siomos, K. (2012). Patterns of choices on video game genres and internet addiction. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15(8), 417–424.
Gainsbury, S. M., Russell, A., Hing, N., Wood, R., & Blaszczynski, A. The impact of Internet gambling on gambling problems: A comparison of moderate-risk and problem Internet and non-Internet gamblers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, in press.
Gerstein, D. R., Volberg, R. A., Toce, M. T., Harwood, H., Johnson, R. A., Buie, T., et al. (1999). Gambling impact and behavior study: Report to the national gambling impact study commission. Chicago, IL: National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago.
González-Ibáñez, A., & Volberg, R. (2008). Epidemiological study of gambling participation and gambling relate problems among adult resident of Catalonia, Spain. Report to the Master Plan for Mental Health and Addictions. Health Department, Catalonia Government.
Grant, J. E., & Kim, S. W. (2002). Gender differences in pathological gamblers seeking medication treatment. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 43, 56–62.
Griffiths, M. D., & Barnes, A. (2008). Internet gambling: An online empirical study among student gamblers. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 6, 194–204.
Griffiths, M. D., & Wood, R. T. A. (2007). Online data collection from gamblers: Methodological issues. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 5, 151–163.
Griffiths, M. D., Wardle, H., Orford, J., Sproston, K., & Erens, B. (2009). Socio-demographic correlates of Internet gambling: Findings from the 2007 British gambling prevalence survey. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12(2), 199–202.
Hansen, M., & Rossow, I. (2008). Adolescent gambling and problem gambling: Does the total consumption model apply? Journal of Gambling Studies, 24, 135–149.
Hardoon, K., Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. L. (2004). Psychosocial variables associated with adolescent gambling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 18(2), 170–179.
Huang, J. H., & Boyer, R. (2007). Epidemiology of youth gambling problems in Canada: A national prevalence study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 52, 657–665.
Kuentzel, J. G., Henderson, M. J., & Melville, C. L. (2008). The impact of social desirability biases on self-report among college student and problem gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24, 307–319.
LaBrie, R. A., Shaffer, H. J., LaPlante, D. A., & Wechsler, H. (2003). Correlates of college student gambling in the United States. Journal of American College Health, 52, 53–62.
Ladd, G., & Petry, N. (2002). Disordered gambling among university-based medical and dental patients: A focus on Internet gambling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 16, 76–79.
LaPlante, D. A., Nelson, S. E., LaBrie, R. A., & Shaffer, H. J. (2011). Disordered gambling, type of gambling and gambling involvement in the British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2007. European Journal of Public Health, 21(4), 532–537.
Larimer, M. E., Neighbors, C., Lostutter, T. M., Whiteside, U., Cronce, J. M., Kaysen, D., et al. (2012). Brief motivational feedback and cognitive behavioral interventions for prevention of disordered gambling: a randomized clinical trial. Addiction, 107(6), 1148–1158.
Ledgerwood, D. M., & Petry, N. M. (2010). Subtyping pathological gamblers based on impulsivity, depression and anxiety. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 24(4), 680–688.
Lesieur, H. R., & Blume, S. B. (1987). The South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS): A new instrument for the identification of pathological gamblers. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1184–1188.
Lesieur, H. R., & Blume, S. B. (1991). Evaluation of patients treated for pathological gambling in a combined alcohol, substance abuse and pathological gambling treatment unit using the Addiction Severity Index. Addiction, 86, 1017–1028.
Lloyd, J., Doll, H., Hawton, K., Dutton, W. H., Geddes, J. R., Goodwin, G. M., et al. (2010). Internet gamblers: A latent class analysis of their behaviours and health experience. Journal of Gambling Studies, 26(3), 387–399.
Lynch, W. J., Maciejewski, P. K., & Potenza, M. N. (2004). Psychiatric correlates of gambling in adolescents and young adults grouped by age at gambling onset. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61, 1116–1122.
Matthews, N., Farnsworth, B., & Griffiths, M. D. (2009). A pilot study of problem gambling among student online gamblers: Mood states as predictors of problematic behavior. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12(6), 741–745.
McKinley, C. J., & Wright, P. J. (2012). Examining the presence of problem gambling awareness messages on college counseling center websites. Health Community, 27, 98–106.
McLellan et al. (1988). Guide to the Addiction Severity Index: Background, administration, and field testing results. U.S. DHHS Publication No. (ADM) 88–1419.
Messerlian, C., Byrne, A. M., & Derevensky, J. L. (2004). Gambling, youth and the internet: Should we be concerned? Canadian Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Review, 13, 3–6.
Molde, H., Pallesen, S., Bartone, P., Hystad, S., & Johnsen, B. (2009). Prevalence and correlates of gambling among 16 to 19-year-old adolescents in Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 50(1), 55–64.
Monaghan, S., & Wood, R. (2010). Internet-based interventions for youth dealing with gambling problems. International Journal of Adolescent Health and Medicine, 22, 113–128.
Petry, N. M. (2003a). A comparison of treatment-seeking pathological gamblers based on preferred gambling activity. Addiction, 98, 645–655.
Petry, N. M. (2003b). Validity of the Addiction Severity Index in assessing gambling problems. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 191, 399–407.
Petry, N. M. (2005). Pathological gambling: Etiology, comorbidity and treatment. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.
Petry, N. M. (2007). Psychometric properties of the Addiction Severity Index in pathological gamblers. American Journal on Addiction, 16, 272–282.
Petry, N. M., & Weinstock, J. (2007). Internet gambling is common in college students and is associated with poor health. American Journal on Addiction, 16, 325–330.
Petry, N. M., Ammerman, Y., Bohl, J., Doersch, A., Gay, H., Kadden, R., et al. (2006). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for pathological gamblers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 555–567.
Petry, N. M., Weinstock, J., Ledgerwood, D. M., & Morasco, B. J. (2008). A randomized trial of brief interventions for problem and pathological gamblers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 318–328.
Petry, N. M., Weinstock, J., Morasco, B. J., & Ledgerwood, D. M. (2009). Brief motivational interventions for college students probem gamblers. Addiction, 104(9), 1569–1578.
Shaffer, H. J., & Korn, D. A. (2002). Gambling and related mental disorders: Apublic health analysis. Annual Review of Public Health, 23, 171–212.
Stinchfield, R. (2002). Reliability, validity, and classification accuracy of the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS). Addictive Behaviors, 27, 1–19.
Weinstock, J., Whelan, J. P., & Meyers, A. W. (2004). Behavioral assessment of gambling: An application of the timeline followback method. Psychological Assessment, 16, 72–80.
Weinstock, J., Whelan, J. P., Meyers, A. W., & Mccausland, C. (2007). The performance of two pathological gambling screens in college students. Assessment, 14, 399–407.
Welte, J. W., Barnes, G. M., Wieczorek, W. F., Tidwell, M. C. O., & Hoffman, J. H. (2007). Type of gambling and availability as risk factors for problem gambling: A Tobit regression analysis by age and gender. International Gambling Studies, 7, 183–198.
Welte, J. W., Barnes, G. M., Tidwell, M. C. O., & Hoffman, J. H. (2009). The association of form of gambling with problem gambling among American youth. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23(1), 105–112.
Wood, R. T., & Williams, R. J. (2009). Internet gambling: Prevalence, patterns, problems, and policy options. Guelph, Ontario: Final report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre.
Wood, R. T. A., Griffiths, M. D., & Parke, J. (2007). Acquisition, development, and maintenance of online poker playing in a student sample. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 10, 354–361.
Wulfert, E., Hartley, J., Lee, N., Wang, M., Franco, C., & Sodano, R. (2005). Gambling screens: Does shortening the time frame affect their psychometric properties. Journal of Gambling Studies, 21, 521–536.
About this article
Cite this article
Petry, N.M., Gonzalez-Ibanez, A. Internet Gambling in Problem Gambling College Students. J Gambl Stud 31, 397–408 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-013-9432-3