A Trade Based View on Casino Taxation: Market Conditions
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This article presents a trade based theory of casino taxation along with empirical evidence found from Macao as a typical tourism resort. We prove that there is a unique optimum gaming tax in a particular market for casino gambling, argue that any change in this tax is engendered by external demand shifts, and suggest that the economic rent from gambling legalization should be shared through such optimal tax between the public and private sectors. Our work also studies the tradeoff between economic benefits and social costs arising from casino tourism, and provides some policy recommendations for the sustainable development of gaming-led economies. The theoretical arguments in this article turn out to be consistent with empirical observations on Macao realities over the recent decade.
KeywordsOptimum gaming tax Trade equilibrium framework Market conditions Social costs
We acknowledge the financial support by the University of Macau’s Research Grants Committee (under MYRG081<Y2-L2>-FBA11-GXH), the useful comments by an anonymous referee, and the excellent research assistance by Ms Sara Xiao Chang.
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