Overall Gambling Behaviors and Gambling Treatment Needs Among a Statewide Sample of Drug Treatment Clients in Ohio
- 248 Downloads
Casino gambling in Ohio became available for the first time in May 2012. This gambling expansion led the Ohio substance abuse monitoring (OSAM) Network, Ohio’s drug abuse surveillance system that collects drug trend data on an ongoing basis, to amend its protocol in June 2011 to include collection of data related to problem and pathological gambling to inform current treatment and prevention needs. OSAM collected gambling data from July 2011 to June 2012 via focus group interviews of 714 drug users recruited from alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment programs throughout Ohio. Participants who reported gambling during the past 6 months (N = 412) completed the South Oaks gambling screen. This study found a prevalence estimate of 12.1 % for probable pathological gambling among its statewide sample. Sizeable proportions of participants reported that they gambled more when using AOD (23.5 %) and used more AOD when gambling (19.4 %). A majority of study participants (59.2 %) reported participation in at least one type of gambling during the past 6 months, and of those participants, only 22.2 % reported ever having been asked about gambling while receiving AOD treatment services, with just 12.5 % reporting ever having had gambling treatment services offered to them. Men were 4.1 times more likely to screen positive for probable pathological gambling than women; non-Whites were 61.0 % more likely to screen positive than Whites. Findings presented in this report have the potential to help shape and strengthen problem and pathological gambling prevention and treatment measures in Ohio.
KeywordsGambling Drug abuse Substance use disorder Co-occurring disorders Treatment Prevention
We would like to acknowledge current and former Ohio Substance Abuse Monitoring (OSAM) Network staff, regional epidemiologists and interns for their efforts in data collection and/or data organization: Angela Arnold, M.S., Justin Brown, B.S., Keely Clary, M.P.H., Kathryn Coxe, B.A., Joseph Cummins, M.A., Lisa Fedina, M.S.W., Beth Gersper, M.P.A., Randi Love, Ph.D., Rick Massatti, M.S.W., Tasha Perdue, M.S.W., Jan Scaglione, Pharm.D. and Celia Williamson, Ph.D. We would also like to acknowledge the support and guidance of Sanford Starr, M.S.W., Deputy Director, Office of Quality and Planning.
- Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2005). Substance abuse treatment for persons with co-occurring disorders. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 42. (DHHS Publication No. SMA 07-3992). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.Google Scholar
- Ferris, J. A., Stirpe, T., & Ialomiteanu, A. (1996). Gambling in Ontario: A report from a general population survey on gambling-related problems and opinions. Toronto, Canada: Addiction Research Foundation.Google Scholar
- Ohio for Responsible Gambling. (2013). Ohio problem gambling resource guide: Recommendations for implementing problem gambling prevention strategies in Ohio communities. Retrieved from www.mha.ohio.gov.
- Shaffer, H. J., & Hall, M. N. (2001). Updating and refining prevalence estimates of disordered gambling behaviour in the Unites States. The Canadian Journal of Public Health, 173(11), 1289–1297.Google Scholar
- Toneatto, T., Ferguson, D., & Brennan, J. (2003). Effect of a new casino on problem gambling in treatment-seeking substance abusers. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 48(1), 40–44.Google Scholar