The Determinants of Lottery Sales in Portugal
- 292 Downloads
In sum, this paper examines the core determinants of lottery sales in Portugal. With panel data analysis covering 18 Portuguese districts and 5 years, this study explains the variations in a district’s per-capita lottery sales in terms of key theoretical hypotheses such as per capita district income, age, education index, gender and religion. This paper concludes that the richer Portuguese districts spend more than the poorer districts and there is an inverted-U relationship between lottery sales and per capita income. The paper also concludes that married Catholic citizens spend more on lottery products than others and that the level of education returns a negative effect on lottery spending.
KeywordsGambling Lotteries Religiosity Level of education Gender Age Income Portugal
- Abbott, M. W. & Volberg, R. A. (1999). Gambling and problem gambling in the community: An international overview and critique. Report number one of the New Zealand gaming survey. Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs. Available at: http://www.austgamingcouncil.org.au/images/pdf/eLibrary/954.pdf.
- Brenner, R., & Brenner, G. (1990). Gambling and speculation: A theory, a history, and a future of some human decisions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Clotfelter, C. T. & Cook, P. J. (1989). The demand for lottery products, NBER Working Paper 2928.Google Scholar
- Cosgrave, J. (Ed.). (2006). The sociology of risk and gambling reader. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Griffiths, M. D., & Wood, R. T. A. (1999). Lottery gambling and addiction: An overview of European research. Report compiled for the Association of European National Lotteries (AELLE), Lausanne, Switzerland. Nottingham Trent University Psychology Division. www.europeanlotteries.org.
- Kearney, M. (2005). The economic winners and losers of legalized gambling. National Tax Journal, 58(2), 281–302.Google Scholar
- Rubenstein, R., & Scafidi, B. (2002). Who pays and who benefits? Examining the distributional consequences of the Georgia lottery for education. National Tax Journal, 55(2), 223–238.Google Scholar