Effects of Mental Imagery on Gambling Behavior
- 497 Downloads
The influence of a brief mental imagery task was examined to determine if imagining engaging in gambling behaviors would satiate the participant on gambling-related reinforcers and subsequently reduce gambling behavior. Thirty-one participants underwent a mental imagery task consisting of either imagining gambling on a slot machine 30 times and placing quarters into a laundry machine 3 times, or imagining gambling on a slot machine 3 times and placing quarters in a laundry machine 30 times. Following the imagery task, participants were allowed to play a real slot machine and stop whenever they wanted to be finished. The results showed that those who imagined playing the slot machine 30 times before actually gambling played significantly fewer trials than those who imagined playing only 3 times. Clinical implications and future directions are discussed.
KeywordsSlot machine Gambling Mental imagery Motivation
- American Gaming Association. (2010). 2010 State of the states: The AGA survey of casino entertainment. Retrieved May 2, 2011, from http://www.americangaming.org/assets/files/State_of_the_States_2010_FINAL.pdf.
- Breen, R. B. (2004). Rapid onset of pathological gambling in machine gamblers: A replication. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 2, 44–49.Google Scholar
- Dixon, M. R., & Johnson, T. E. (2007). The gambling functional assessment (GFA): An assessment device for identification of the maintaining variables of pathological gambling. Analysis of Gambling Behavior, 1, 44–49.Google Scholar
- Ferentzy, P., Skinner, W., & Antze, P. (2006). Recovery in Gamblers Anonymous. Journal of Gambling Issues, 17. Available at http://www.camh.net/egambling/issue17/pdfs/ferentzy1.pdf.
- Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (1999). Acceptance and commitment therapy: An experiential approach to behavior change. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Kantor, J. R., & Smith, N. W. (1975). The science of psychology: An interbehavioral survey. Chicago: Principia Press, Inc.Google Scholar
- Skinner, B. F. (1974). About behaviorism. New York: Knopf, Inc.Google Scholar