Advertisement

Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 151–159 | Cite as

Gambling-Related Harms Among Adolescents: A Population-Based Study

  • Susanna Raisamo
  • Jukka Halme
  • Antti Murto
  • Tomi Lintonen
Original Paper

Abstract

Internationally, and also in Europe, adolescent gambling is increasingly recognized as an important public health issue. Most research on adolescent gambling, however, is prevalence-focused and population-based studies are scarce. Few studies have examined gambling-related harms among adolescents. In a national sample, we examined self-experienced harms related to gambling and the relationship between reported harms and gambling behavior among Finnish adolescents. A national survey of 12–18-year-olds was conducted in Finland in 2011 (N = 4,566). Main measures were frequency of gambling and gambling-related harms reported during the past 6 months. The relationship between reported harms and gambling behavior was assessed using logistic regression analysis. Overall, 44% had gambled during the past 6 months. Of the sample, 12% were frequent gamblers (at least weekly) and 32% were occasional gamblers (monthly or less often). Compared to occasional gamblers, frequent gamblers were more likely to experience harms. The most commonly reported harms among frequent gamblers were “felt guilty or shameful due to gambling” (17%) followed by “problems with relationships” (13%) and “disruptions of daily rhythm” (10%). In age and gender-adjusted analysis, daily gamblers were significantly more likely to report all different types of harms when compared to other groups. These findings suggest that when planning and targeting youth gambling prevention and harm reduction strategies the nature and extent to which gambling may contribute to the different types of harms are important to consider.

Keywords

Adolescence Gambling Harms Negative experiences 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was financially supported by the Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Finland, grant number 137/THL/TE2010.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Blinn-Pike, L., Worthy, S. L., & Jonkman, J. N. (2010). Adolescent gambling: A review of an emerging field of research. Journal of Adolescent Health, 47, 223–236.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Delfabbro, P., Lahn, J., & Grabosky, P. (2005). Adolescent gambling in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). Report to the ACT gambling and racing commission. Canberra, Australia: ANU Centre for Gambling Research. http://www.problemgambling.act.gov.au/AdoGamReport.pdf. Accessed 1st Jun 2011.
  3. Fröberg, F. (2006). Gambling among young people. A knowledge review (Vol. 20). Edita, Stockholm: Swedish National Institute of Public Health. http://www.fhi.se/PageFiles/4167/r_2006_20_gambling.pdf. Accessed 29th June 2011.
  4. Hardoon, K. K., Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. L. (2004). Psychosocial variables associated with adolescent gambling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 18, 170–179.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jacobs, D. (2000). Juvenile gambling in North America: An analysis of long term trends and future prospects. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16, 119–151.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Järvinen-Tassopoulos, J., & Metso, J. (2009). Pojat ovat pelimiehiä. tytöt rahapelien harrastajia. Vuoden 2007 ESPAD-koululaiskyselyn tulosten tarkastelua. (Boys are players, girls are diletanttes—Reviewing the results of the 2007 ESPAD school survey). Yhteiskuntapolitiikka, 74, 523–536.Google Scholar
  7. Kristiansen, S., & Jensen, S. M. (2011). Prevalence of gambling problems among adolescents in the Nordic countries: an overview of national gambling surveys 1997–2009. International Journal of Social Welfare, 20, 75–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ladouceur, R., Bouchard, C., Rhéaume, N., et al. (2000). Is the SOGS an accurate measure of pathological gambling among children, adolescents, and adults? Journal of Gambling Studies, 16, 1–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lavikainen, H., & Lintonen, T. (2009). Alcohol use in adolescence: Identifying harms related to teenager’s alcohol drinking. Journal of Substance Use, 14, 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lavikainen, H., Ahlström, S., Metso, L., et al. (2008). Relationship between negative experiences and drinking experience among 15- to 16-year-old adolescents in Finland. European Addiction Research, 14, 169–178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Luder, M. T., Berchtold, A., Akré, C., et al. (2010). Do youths gamble? You bet! A Swiss population-based study. Swiss Medical Weekly, 140, w13074.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Marshall, D. (2005). The gambling environment and gambler behaviour: Evidence from Richmond-Tweed, Australia. International Gambling Studies, 5, 68–83.Google Scholar
  13. Messerlian, C., Derevensky, J., & Gupta, R. (2005). Youth gambling problems: a public health perspective. Health Promotion International, 20, 69–79.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Molde, H., Pallesen, S., Bartone, P., et al. (2009). Prevalence and correlates of gambling among 16–19 year old adolescents in Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 50, 55–64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Neal, P., Delfabbro, P. H., & O’Neill, M. (2005). Problem gambling and harm: Towards a national definition. Final Report. Gambling Research Australia, Melbourne. http://www.adelaide.edu.au/saces/gambling/publications/ProblemGamblingAndHarmTowardNationalDefinition.pdf. Accessed 29th August 2011.
  16. Rimpelä, A., Rainio, S., Pere, L., et al. (2006). Use of tobacco products, alcohol use and exposure to drugs in 19772005 (Vol. 29). Reports of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. Helsinki, Finland.Google Scholar
  17. Sletten, M. A., Torgersen, L., von Soest, T., et al. (2010). Uskyldig moro? Pengespill og dataspill blant norske ungdommer (Innocent fun? Gambling and gaming among Norwegian adolescents) (Vol. 18). Norway: NOVA Report.Google Scholar
  18. Splevins, K., Mireskandari, S., Clayton, K., et al. (2010). Prevalence of adolescent gambling, related harms and help-seeking behaviours among an Australian population. Journal of Gambling Studies, 26, 189–204.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Stinchfield, R. (2010). A critical review of adolescent problem gambling assessment instruments. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 22, 77–93.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanna Raisamo
    • 1
  • Jukka Halme
    • 2
  • Antti Murto
    • 3
  • Tomi Lintonen
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Health SciencesUniversity of TampereTampereFinland
  2. 2.National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL)HelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.The Centre of Excellence on Social Welfare in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area (Socca)HelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.The Finnish Foundation for Alcohol StudiesHelsinkiFinland

Personalised recommendations