Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 561–572 | Cite as

Validation of the Chinese Version of the Gamblers’ Belief Questionnaire (GBQ-C)

  • Stella S. K. Wong
  • Sandra K. M. Tsang
Original Paper


A growing body of evidence is documenting the significant role of cognitive factors in influencing gambling behaviors. Although measures of cognitive biases have been developed, further validation of these scales is needed among non-Western samples. The 21-item Gamblers’ Belief Questionnaire was originally developed and validated by Steenbergh et al. (in Psychol. Addict. Behav., 16: 143–149, 2002). The scale then has been widely used in the gambling research of the West. The present study was designed to examine and validate the Chinese version of Gamblers’ Belief Questionnaire (GBQ-C) using 258 Chinese participants. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated the 2-factor model provided a good fit to the data as evidenced by various model fit indices (CFI = .91, RMSEA = .08 and SRMR = .05). Additional evidence for the validity of the GBQ-C was provided by significant correlations with other relevant measures (range .40–.75). In sum, the present study provides support for the GBQ-C as a valuable tool for assessing gambling cognitions among Chinese samples.


Gambling Chinese Belief Cognitions Validation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Social SciencesThe Hong Hong Polytechnic UniversityHung HomHong Kong
  2. 2.Department of Social Work and Social AdministrationThe University of Hong KongPok Fu LamHong Kong

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