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Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 239–252 | Cite as

Clinical Profiles as a Function of Level and Type of Impulsivity in a Sample Group of At-risk and Pathological Gamblers Seeking Treatment

  • Marie Grall-Bronnec
  • Laura Wainstein
  • Fanny Feuillet
  • Gaëlle Bouju
  • Bruno Rocher
  • Jean-Luc Vénisse
  • Véronique Sébille-Rivain
Original Paper

Abstract

Level and type of impulsivity are essential variables to be taken into consideration during the initial evaluation of a pathological gambler. The aim of this study was to measure the score for 4 impulsivity-related traits (Urgency, (lack of) Premeditation, (lack of) Perseverance and Sensation seeking) in a sample group of at-risk and pathological gamblers, and to highlight any links with certain elements of clinical data. The UPPS Impulsive Behaviour Scale was administered to 84 problem gamblers seeking treatment. The severity of gambling disorders was evaluated using the diagnostic criteria of the DSM-IV. Psychiatric and addictive comorbidities were also explored. The results indicated that the score for the Urgency facet had a positive correlation with the severity of gambling disorders. It appeared that participants displayed different clinical profiles according to the level and type of impulsivity. Several of the UPPS scales were identified as risk factors for mood disorders, risk of suicide, alcohol use disorders, and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The results confirm both the complexity of the multi-dimensional concept of impulsivity and the reason why the UPPS is of interest for a more in-depth study of the subject.

Keywords

Pathological gambling Gambling disorders Impulsivity UPPS Suicide ADHD 

Notes

Conflict of Interest

The Centre de Référence sur le Jeu Excessif has received funding support directly from gambling industry operators and the University Hospital of Nantes. Scientific independence towards gambling industry operators is warranted. There were no constraints on publishing.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie Grall-Bronnec
    • 1
    • 2
  • Laura Wainstein
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fanny Feuillet
    • 2
  • Gaëlle Bouju
    • 1
  • Bruno Rocher
    • 1
  • Jean-Luc Vénisse
    • 1
  • Véronique Sébille-Rivain
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre de référence sur le jeu excessif. Pôle Universitaire d’Addictologie et de Psychiatrie, Hôpital Saint JacquesNantes cedex 1France
  2. 2.EA 4275 Biostatistiques, Recherche clinique et Mesures subjectives en santé, UFR de PharmacieNantes cedex 1France

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