Prevalence and Correlates of Gambling Problems Among a Nationally Representative Sample of Brazilian Adolescents
- 247 Downloads
The objectives of the study are: (a) to provide the first prevalence estimates of pathological gambling among Brazilian adolescents using an age-specific instrument in a nationally representative sample; (b) to investigate the extent to which adolescents participate in gambling activities in a developing country; and (c) to correlate different levels of gambling behavior with demographic variables. Multistage cluster sampling selected 3,007 individuals over 14 years of age from Brazilian household population. A total of 661 participants were between 14 and 17 years old. The Lie/Bet Questionnaire and the DSM-IV-MR-J were used for assessing problem and pathological gambling. 2.8% scored positive on the screening questionnaire, while 1.6% were classified as problem and pathological gamblers. Factors associated with problem and pathological gambling were male sex, not currently studying and considering religion as not important. Less than 4 months elapsed between the age of regular gambling involvement and the first gambling problem. Prevalence rates were quite similar from recent studies which used nationally representative samples. The association of problem and pathological gambling with male sex, school drop-out and low religiosity supports the Problem Behavior Theory. The fast progression to problem gambling adds evidence that adolescents may be more vulnerable to the effects of gambling.
KeywordsGambling Problem gambling Prevalence Correlates Adolescent
This study was funded by the National Anti-Drug Secretariat (SENAD), grant # 017/2003.
- APA. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, IV. Whashington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- Derevensky, J., Gupta, R., Messerlian, C., & Gillespie, M. (2004). Youth gambling problems: A need for responsible social policy. In J. D. R. Gupta (Ed.), Gambling problems in youth: Theoretical and applied perspectives (pp. 231–252). NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
- Ferris, J., & Wynne, H. (2001). The Canadian problem gambling index: Final report. Ottawa: The Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCCSA).Google Scholar
- Huang, J. H., & Boyer, R. (2007). Epidemiology of youth gambling problems in Canada: a national prevalence study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 52, 657–665.Google Scholar
- Kessler, R. C., Hwang, I., LaBrie, R., Petukhova, M., Sampson, N. A., Winters, K. C., et al. (2008). DSM-IV pathological gambling in the national comorbidity survey replication. Psychology Medicine, 38, 1351–1360.Google Scholar
- Laranjeira, R., Pinsky, I., Zalesky, M., & Caetano, R. (2007). I Levantamento Nacional sobre os Padrões de Consumo de Álcool na População Brasileira. Brasília: Secretaria Nacional Anti- Drogas—SENAD.Google Scholar
- Sproston, K., Erens, B. & Orford, J. (2000) Gambling behaviour in Britain: Results from the British gambling prevalence survey. National centre for social research.Google Scholar
- Tavares, H., & Spritzer, D. T. (2007). Gambling in Brazil: An overview and a proposal. Youth Gambling International Newsletter, 7, 5–6.Google Scholar
- Wardle, H., Sproston, K., Orford, J., Erens, B., Griffiths, M., Constantine, R., et al (2007). British gambling prevalence survey 2007. Prepared for the gambling commission national centre for social research.Google Scholar
- Wynne, H. J., Smith, G. J., & Jacobs, D. F. (1996). Adolescent gambling and problem gambling in Alberta. LTD, Edmonton: Prepared for the Alberta alcohol and drug abuse comission. Wynne Resources.Google Scholar