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Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 649–661 | Cite as

Prevalence and Correlates of Gambling Problems Among a Nationally Representative Sample of Brazilian Adolescents

  • Daniel Tornaim Spritzer
  • Luis Augusto Rohde
  • Daniela Bumaguin Benzano
  • Ronaldo Ramos Laranjeira
  • Ilana Pinsky
  • Marcos Zaleski
  • Raul Caetano
  • Hermano Tavares
Original Paper

Abstract

The objectives of the study are: (a) to provide the first prevalence estimates of pathological gambling among Brazilian adolescents using an age-specific instrument in a nationally representative sample; (b) to investigate the extent to which adolescents participate in gambling activities in a developing country; and (c) to correlate different levels of gambling behavior with demographic variables. Multistage cluster sampling selected 3,007 individuals over 14 years of age from Brazilian household population. A total of 661 participants were between 14 and 17 years old. The Lie/Bet Questionnaire and the DSM-IV-MR-J were used for assessing problem and pathological gambling. 2.8% scored positive on the screening questionnaire, while 1.6% were classified as problem and pathological gamblers. Factors associated with problem and pathological gambling were male sex, not currently studying and considering religion as not important. Less than 4 months elapsed between the age of regular gambling involvement and the first gambling problem. Prevalence rates were quite similar from recent studies which used nationally representative samples. The association of problem and pathological gambling with male sex, school drop-out and low religiosity supports the Problem Behavior Theory. The fast progression to problem gambling adds evidence that adolescents may be more vulnerable to the effects of gambling.

Keywords

Gambling Problem gambling Prevalence Correlates Adolescent 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded by the National Anti-Drug Secretariat (SENAD), grant # 017/2003.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Tornaim Spritzer
    • 1
    • 7
  • Luis Augusto Rohde
    • 2
  • Daniela Bumaguin Benzano
    • 1
  • Ronaldo Ramos Laranjeira
    • 3
  • Ilana Pinsky
    • 3
  • Marcos Zaleski
    • 4
  • Raul Caetano
    • 5
  • Hermano Tavares
    • 6
  1. 1.Psychiatry Post-Graduation ProgramFederal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatria do Desenvolvimento para a Infância e Adolescência, Psychiatry Post-Graduation ProgramFederal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Psychiatry DepartmentFederal University of Sao PauloSao PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Federal University of Santa CatarinaFlorianopolisBrazil
  5. 5.Houston Health Science CenterUniversity of TexasDallasUSA
  6. 6.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Sao PauloSao PauloSPBrazil
  7. 7.Porto AlegreBrazil

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