Advertisement

Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 625–631 | Cite as

Beliefs About Gambling Problems and Recovery: Results from a General Population Telephone Survey

  • John A. Cunningham
  • Joanne Cordingley
  • David C. Hodgins
  • Tony Toneatto
Original Paper

Abstract

Respondents were asked their beliefs about gambling abuse as part of a general population telephone survey. The random digit dialing survey consisted of 8,467 interviews of adults, 18 years and older, from Ontario, Canada (45% male; mean age = 46.2). The predominant conception of gambling abuse was that of an addiction, similar to drug addiction. More than half of respondents reported that treatment was necessary and almost three-quarters of respondents felt that problem gamblers would have to give up gambling completely in order to overcome their gambling problem. Problem gamblers (past or current) were less likely than non- or social gamblers to believe that treatment was needed, and current problem gamblers were least likely to believe that abstinence was required, as compared to all other respondents. Strong agreement with conceptions of gambling abuse as disease or addiction were positively associated with belief that treatment is needed, while strong agreement with conceptions of disease or wrongdoing were positively associated with belief that abstinence is required.

Keywords

Gambling Beliefs Untreated recoveries Disease concept 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre. In addition, support to CAMH for salary of scientists and infrastructure has been provided by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care. The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care. John Cunningham is also supported as the Canada Research Chair on Brief Interventions for Addictive Behaviours.

References

  1. Crawford, J. R., & Heather, N. (1987). Public attitudes to the disease concept of alcoholism. International Journal of the Addictions, 22, 1129–1138.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Cunningham, J. A. (1999). Resolving alcohol-related problems with and without treatment: The effects of different problem criteria. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 60, 463–466.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Cunningham, J. A. (2005). Little use of treatment among problem gamblers. Psychiatric Services, 56, 1024–1025.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cunningham, J. A., Hodgins D. C., Toneatto T., & Cordingley J. (2006). Barriers to treatment for problem gambling in Ontario. Ontario problem gambling research centre: http://www.gamblingresearch.org/contentdetail.sz?cid=3097&pageid=1873&r=s.
  5. Cunningham, J. A., Blomqvist, J., & Cordingley, J. (2007). Beliefs about drinking problems: Results from a general population telephone survey. Addictive Behaviors, 32, 166–169.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dawson, D. A. (1996). Correlates of past–year status among treated and untreated persons with former alcohol dependence: United States, 1992. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 20, 771–779.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hodgins, D. C. (2004). Using the NORC DSM screen for gambling problems as an outcome measure for pathological gambling: Psychometric evaluation. Addictive Behaviors, 29, 1685–1690.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Horch, J. D., & Hodgins, D. C. (2008). Public stigma of disordered gambling: Social distance, dangerousness, and familiarity. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 27, 505–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Suurvali, H., Hodgins, D. C., Toneatto, T., & Cunningham, J. A. (2008). Treatment-seeking among Ontario problem gamblers: Results of a population survey. Psychiatric Services, 59, 1343–1346.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Toce-Gerstein, M., Gerstein, D. R., & Volberg, R. A. (2009). The NODS-CLiP: A rapid screen for adult pathological and problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25, 541–555.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • John A. Cunningham
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joanne Cordingley
    • 1
  • David C. Hodgins
    • 3
  • Tony Toneatto
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada
  2. 2.University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.University of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

Personalised recommendations