Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 401–408 | Cite as

Affective and Cognitive Correlates of Gambling Behavior in University Students

  • Antonio Pascual-Leone
  • Kevin Gomes
  • Emily S. Orr
  • Kristen A. Kaploun
  • Christopher A. Abeare
Original Paper


The purpose of the following study was to explore certain affective and cognitive components and their relationships to gambling behavior in an undergraduate population. Specifically, the aim was to predict gambling severity using depression scores on the BDI-II, the dependency and self-criticism subscales on the DEQ, emotional awareness scores on the LEAS, cognitive flexibility scores from the STROOP, and a creativity subtests from the TTCT. Participants were 200 undergraduate students and 3.5–7.5% of individuals reported some level of problematic gambling behavior. Multiple regression analysis indicated that self-criticism and creative originality were significant predictors of gambling behavior, explaining 7.6% of the variance. Further analyses reveal a non-linear trend in the creative originality of those who gamble; only the at-risk gamblers were high in creativity whereas abstainers and problematic gamblers display similarly lower levels of creativity. Results are discussed in regards to Blaszczynski and Nower’s Addiction 97:487–499 (2002) subtypes of gambling vulnerability.


Gambling Emotion Cognition South Oaks gambling screen Students 



The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre and the support of the Problem Gambling Research Group at the University of Windsor.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Pascual-Leone
    • 1
  • Kevin Gomes
    • 1
  • Emily S. Orr
    • 1
  • Kristen A. Kaploun
    • 1
  • Christopher A. Abeare
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WindsorWindsorCanada

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