Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 565–573 | Cite as

Responsible Gambling: General Principles and Minimal Requirements

  • Alex Blaszczynski
  • Peter Collins
  • Davis Fong
  • Robert Ladouceur
  • Lia Nower
  • Howard J. Shaffer
  • Hermano Tavares
  • Jean-Luc Venisse
Original Paper


Many international jurisdictions have introduced responsible gambling programs. These programs intend to minimize negative consequences of excessive gambling, but vary considerably in their aims, focus, and content. Many responsible gambling programs lack a conceptual framework and, in the absence of empirical data, their components are based only on general considerations and impressions. This paper outlines the consensus viewpoint of an international group of researchers suggesting fundamental responsible gambling principles, roles of key stakeholders, and minimal requirements that stakeholders can use to frame and inform responsible gambling programs across jurisdictions. Such a framework does not purport to offer value statements regarding the legal status of gambling or its expansion. Rather, it proposes gambling-related initiatives aimed at government, industry, and individuals to promote responsible gambling and consumer protection. This paper argues that there is a set of basic principles and minimal requirements that should form the basis for every responsible gambling program.


Responsible gambling Pathological gambling Prevention 



This paper is the result of a 2 day meeting held in the United States (February 2009) where all the authors (in alphabetical order) participated in a discussion about defining the minimal requirements for a responsible gambling program. The following granting agencies supported the travel and lodging expenses of the participants: Responsible in Gambling Trust (UK), Commission des Lotteries et Paris (Switzerland), Institute for the Study of Commercial Gambling (Macau) and Fond de Soutien aux Professeurs (Université Laval, Canada). The authors did not receive any honorarium for their participation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex Blaszczynski
    • 1
  • Peter Collins
    • 2
  • Davis Fong
    • 3
  • Robert Ladouceur
    • 4
  • Lia Nower
    • 5
  • Howard J. Shaffer
    • 6
  • Hermano Tavares
    • 7
  • Jean-Luc Venisse
    • 8
  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Salford Business SchoolUniversity of SalfordSalfordUK
  3. 3.Institute for the Study of Commercial GamingUniversity of MacauMacauChina
  4. 4.École de PsychologieUniversité LavalQuebecCanada
  5. 5.Center for Gambling StudiesRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  6. 6.Division on AddictionsThe Cambridge Health Alliance: Harvard Medical SchoolCambridgeUSA
  7. 7.Institute and Department of PsychiatryUniversity of São PauloSao PauloBrazil
  8. 8.Centre de Référence du jeu excessif, CHU NantesNantesFrance

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