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Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 203–214 | Cite as

Behavioural Addictions in Adolescents and Young Adults: Results from a Prevalence Study

  • Corrado Villella
  • Giovanni Martinotti
  • Marco Di Nicola
  • Maria Cassano
  • Giuseppe La Torre
  • Maria Daniela Gliubizzi
  • Immacolata Messeri
  • Filippo Petruccelli
  • Pietro Bria
  • Luigi Janiri
  • Gianluigi Conte
Original Paper

Abstract

Our study aims to assess the prevalence of behavioural addictions in an adolescent population, evaluating the effects of gender and age, and to assess the correlations among different behavioural addictions. 2853 high school students were assessed in order to evaluate the prevalence of behavioural addictions such as Pathological Gambling (PG), Compulsive Buying (CB), Exercise Addiction (EA), Internet Addiction (IA), and Work Addiction (WA), in a population of Italian adolescents. The South Oaks Gambling Screen-Revised Adolescent (SOGS-RA), the Compulsive Buying Scale (CBS), the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI), the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), and the Work Addiction Risk Test (WART), were compiled anonymously by the students. Overall prevalence was 7.0% for PG, 11.3% for CB, 1.2% for IA, 7.6% for WA, 8.5% for EA. PG and EA were more common among boys, while gender had no effect on the other conditions. CB was more common among younger (<18 years old) students. The scores of all of these scales were significantly correlated. The strong correlation among different addictive behaviours is in line with the hypothesis of a common psychopathological dimension underlying these phenomena. Further studies are needed to assess personality traits and other clinical disorders associated with these problems behaviours.

Keywords

Adolescence Behavioural addictions Epidemiology Pathological Gambling Prevalence 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The present work was made possible by the efforts of local health unit, drug addiction service, Barletta, and of all of the schools involved.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corrado Villella
    • 1
  • Giovanni Martinotti
    • 1
  • Marco Di Nicola
    • 1
  • Maria Cassano
    • 2
  • Giuseppe La Torre
    • 3
  • Maria Daniela Gliubizzi
    • 4
  • Immacolata Messeri
    • 5
  • Filippo Petruccelli
    • 5
  • Pietro Bria
    • 1
  • Luigi Janiri
    • 1
  • Gianluigi Conte
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Psychiatry and PsychologyUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly
  2. 2.Local Health UnitDrug Addiction ServiceBarlettaItaly
  3. 3.Sapienza University of RomeClinical Medicine and Public Health UnitRomeItaly
  4. 4.Institute of HygieneUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly
  5. 5.Department of Human and Social SciencesUniversity of CassinoCassinoItaly

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