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Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 191–201 | Cite as

The Prevalence and Course of Pathological Gambling in the Mood Disorders

  • Lena C. Quilty
  • Chris Watson
  • Jennifer J. Robinson
  • Tony Toneatto
  • R. Michael Bagby
Original Paper

Abstract

The objective of the current investigation was to examine the prevalence of pathological gambling (PG) in a psychiatric sample with a history of mood disorder, and the concurrent and longitudinal association of PG and mood disorder symptoms according to retrospective report. A total of 275 (100 male, 175 female) psychiatric outpatients in Ontario, Canada, with a lifetime diagnosis of a depressive (n = 138) or bipolar disorder (n = 137), completed the Canadian Problem Gambling Index, South Oaks Gambling Screen and Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation. Correlational and cross-lagged panel analyses evaluated the relation between PG and mood disorder symptom course. The prevalence of PG was elevated within patients with a mood disorder; there was no difference across diagnosis. Concurrent PG and mood disorder symptoms were positively correlated; however, longitudinal analyses revealed no evidence for an association between PG and mood disorder symptoms when symptom stability was taken into account. Despite the elevated prevalence of PG within mood disorders, and the concurrent association between PG and mood disorder symptoms, no direct association was found between these types of pathology. Prospective designs and intervening variables are required to advance understanding of the etiological associations between these disorders.

Keywords

Pathological gambling Major depressive disorder Bipolar disorder Prevalence Course 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This investigation was supported by an operating grant from the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre (OPGRC) awarded to Drs. Bagby (Principal Investigator) and Toneatto, and an Ontario Mental Health Foundation (OMHF) Senior Research Fellowship awarded to Dr. Bagby.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lena C. Quilty
    • 1
  • Chris Watson
    • 1
  • Jennifer J. Robinson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tony Toneatto
    • 1
    • 3
  • R. Michael Bagby
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Clinical Research DepartmentCentre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Ontario Institutes of Studies in EducationUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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