Skip to main content

Lottery Gambling: A Review

Abstract

This paper presents an exhaustive review of the literature on lottery gambling involving numbers games, lotto, and scratch cards. Results provide tentative answers to the question why people buy lotteries, and support the theory of judgment under uncertainty, cognitive theory of gambling, and theory of demand for gambles. Results also indicate some potential addictiveness of this form of gambling. Youths buy different forms of lotteries and the best predictor of their lottery purchases is their parents’ lottery participation. Contrary to the myth that a big lottery win will ruin the winners’ lives, lottery winners tend to be well-adjusted and their life quality seems to improve. Suggestions for future research are discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Adams, D. (2001). My ticket, my “self”: Lottery ticket number selection and the commodification and extension of the self. Sociological Spectrum, 21, 455–477.

    Google Scholar 

  • American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ariyabuddhiphongs, V. (2006). A test of the social cognitive model of lottery gambling in Thailand. International Gambling Studies, 6, 77–93.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ariyabuddhiphongs, V., & Chanchalermporn, N. (2007). A test of social cognitive theory reciprocal and sequential effects: Hope, superstitious belief and environmental factors among lottery gamblers in Thailand. Journal of Gambling Studies, 23, 201–214.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ariyabuddhiphongs, V., Chanchalermporn, N., & Phengpol, V. (2009). Adapting the DSM-IV and SOGS scales to measure gambling problems among two groups of Thai lottery gamblers. Paper presented at the 14th international conference on gambling and risk taking, May 25–29, 2009, Stateline, Nevada.

  • Ariyabuddhiphongs, V., & Phengphol, V. (2008). Near miss, gambler’s fallacy and entrapment: Their influence on lottery gamblers in Thailand. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24, 295–305.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Arvey, R., Harpaz, I., & Liao, H. (2004). Work centrality and post-award work behavior of lottery winners. The Journal of Psychology, 138, 404–420.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Azmier, J. J. (2000). Canadian gambling behaviour and attitudes: Summary report. Calgary, AB Canada: Gambling in Canada Research Report No. 8. Available for free download from www.cwf.ca.

  • Bakken, I. J., Gotestam, K. G., Grawe, R. W., Wenzel, H. G., & Oren, A. (2009). Gambling behavior and gambling problems in Norway 2007. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 50, 333–339.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Balabanis, G. (2002). The relationship between lottery ticket and scratch-card buying behaviour, personality and other compulsive behaviours. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 2, 7–22.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action. A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bankrate.com. (2009). 8 lottery winners who lost their millions. MSN Money. Retrieved November 14, 2009, from http://;articles.moneycentral.msn.com/SavingandDebt/SaveMoney/8lotteryWinnersWh….

  • Bar-Hillel, M., & Neter, E. (1996). Why are people reluctant to exchange lottery tickets? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 17–27.

    Google Scholar 

  • Blalock, G., Just, D. R., & Simon, D. H. (2007). Hitting the jackpot or hitting the skids. Entertainment, poverty, and the demand for state lotteries. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 66, 545–570.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brenner, G. A., & Lipeb, M. (1993). Brief report: The lottery player in Cameroon: An exploratory study. Journal of Gambling Studies, 9, 185–190.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brickman, P., Coates, D., & Janoff-Bulman, R. (1978). Lottery winners and accident victims: Is happiness relative? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 917–927.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Brown, D. J., & Kaldenberg, D. O. (1992). Socio-economic status and playing the lotteries. Sociology & Social Research, 76, 161–167.

    Google Scholar 

  • Browne, B. A., & Brown, D. J. (2001). Predictors of lottery gambling among American college students. The Journal of Social Psychology, 134, 339–347.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bruyneel, S., Dewitte, S., Franses, P. H., & Dekimpe, M. G. (2006). Why consumers buy lottery tickets when the sun goes down on them. The depleting nature of weather-induced bad moods. Advances in Consumer Research, 33, 46–47.

    Google Scholar 

  • Casey, E. (2006). Domesticating gambling: Gender, caring and the UK National Lottery. Leisure Studies, 25, 3–16.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chapman, G. B., & Johnson, E. J. (1994). The limits of anchoring. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 7, 223–242.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clarke, D. (2005). Motivational differences between slot machine and lottery players. Psychological Reports, 96, 843–848.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Clotfelter, C. T., & Cook, P. J. (1989a). Selling hope: State lotteries in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clotfelter, C. T., & Cook, P. J. (1989b). The demand for lottery products. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper No. 2928.

  • Clotfelter, C. T., & Cook, P. J. (1990). On the economics of state lotteries. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 4, 105–119.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clotfelter, C. T., & Cook, P. J. (1991). Lotteries in the real world. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 4, 227–232.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clotfelter, C. T., & Cook, P. J. (1993). Notes: The “gambler’s fallacy” in lottery play. Management Science, 39, 1521–1525.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clotfelter, C. T., Cook, P. J., Edell, J. A., & Moore, M. (1999). State lotteries at the turn of the century: Report to the National Gambling Impact Study Commission. Duke University. Retrieved November 20, 2009, from http://govinfo.library.unt.edu/ngisc/reports/lotfinal.pdf.

  • Cook, M., McHenry, R., & Leigh, V. (1998). Personality and the national lottery. Personality and Individual Differences, 25, 49–55.

    Google Scholar 

  • Costa, P. T., Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1985). The NEO personality inventory manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.

    Google Scholar 

  • Coups, E., Haddock, G., & Webley, P. (1998). Correlates and predictors of lottery play in the United Kingdom. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14, 285–303.

    Google Scholar 

  • Darke, P. R., & Freedman, J. L. (1997). The belief in good luck scale. Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 486–511.

    Google Scholar 

  • DeFuentes-Merillas, L., Koeter, M. W. J., Bethlehem, J., Schippers, G. M., & VanDenBrink, W. (2002). Are scratch cards addictive? The prevalence of pathological scratch card gambling among adult scratch card buyers in the Netherlands. Addiction, 98, 725–731.

    Google Scholar 

  • DeFuentes-Merillas, L., Koeter, M. W. J., Bethlehem, J., Schippers, G. M., & VanDenBrink, W. (2004). Temporal stability of pathological scratchcard gambling adult scratchcard buyers two years later. Addiction, 99, 117–127.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Doherty, D., Gerber, A. S., & Green, D. P. (2006). Personal income and attitudes toward redistribution: A study of lottery winners. Political Psychology, 27, 441–458.

    Google Scholar 

  • Eckblad, G. F., & von de Lippe, A. L. (1994). Norwegian lottery winners: Cautious realists. Journal of Gambling Studies, 10, 305–322.

    Google Scholar 

  • Faregh, N., & Leth-Steensen, C. (2009). Reflections on the voluntary self-exclusion of gamblers and the law-suites against Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25, 131–138.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Felsher, J. R., Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2003). Parental influences and social modeling of youth lottery participation. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 13, 361–377.

    Google Scholar 

  • Felsher, J. R., Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2004a). Lottery participation by youth with gambling problems: Are lottery tickets a gateway to other gambling venues? International Gambling Studies, 4, 109–125.

    Google Scholar 

  • Felsher, J. R., Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2004b). Lottery playing amongst youth: Implications for prevention and social policy. Journal of Gambling Studies, 20, 127–153.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Forrest, D., & Gulley, O. D. (2009). Participation and level of play in the UK National Lottery and correlation with spending on other modes of gambling. International Gambling Studies, 9, 165–178.

    Google Scholar 

  • Forrest, D., Gulley, O. D., & Simmons, R. (2008). The relationship between betting and lottery play. Economic Inquiry. doi:10.1111/j.1465-7295.2008.00123.x.

  • Forrest, D., Simmons, R., & Chesters, N. (2002). Buying a dream: Alternative models of demand for lotto. Economic Inquiry, 40, 485–496.

    Google Scholar 

  • Freund, E. A., & Morris, I. L. (2005). The lottery and income inequality in the States. Social Science Quarterly, 86, 996–1012.

    Google Scholar 

  • Frost, R. O., Meagher, B. M., & Riskind, J. H. (2001). Obsessive-compulsive features in pathological lottery and scratch-ticket gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 17, 5–19.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Furaker, B., & Hedenus, A. (2009). Gambling windfall decisions: Lottery winners and employment behavior. UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal, 13, 1–15.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gardner, J., & Oswald, A. J. (2007). Money and mental wellbeing: A longitudinal study of medium-sized lottery wins. Journal of Health Economics, 26, 49–60.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Goldberg, L. R. (1992). The development of markers for the Big-Five factor structure. Psychological Assessment, 4, 26–42.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gotestam, K. G., & Johansson, A. (2003). Brief report: Characteristics of gambling and problematic gambling in the Norwegian context. A DSM-IV-based telephone interview study. Addictive Behavior, 28, 189–197.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gribbin, D. W., & Bean, J. J. (2005). Adoption of state lotteries in the United States, with a closer look at Illinois. The Independent Review, X, 351–364.

    Google Scholar 

  • Griffiths, M. (2000). Scratch card gambling among adolescent males. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16, 79–91.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Griffiths, M., & Delfabbro, P. (2001). The biopsychosocial approach to gambling: Contextual factors in research and clinical interventions. E-Gambling. The Electronical Journal of Gambling Issues, 6(5). Retrieved July 16, 2009, from http://www.camh.net/egambling/issues/feature/.

  • Griffiths, M., & Wood, R. (2001). The psychology of lottery gambling. International Gambling Studies, 1, 27–45.

    Google Scholar 

  • Grun, L., & McKeigue, P. (2000). Prevalence of excessive gambling before and after introduction of a national lottery in the United Kingdom: Another example of the single distribution theory. Addiction, 95, 959–966.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Grusser, S. M., Plontzke, B., Albrecht, U., & Morsen, C. P. (2007). The addictive potential of lottery gambling. Journal of Gambling Issues, 19, 19–29.

    Google Scholar 

  • Guryan, J., & Kearney, M. S. (2008). Gambling at lucky stores: Empirical evidence from state lottery sales. The American Economic Review, 98, 45473.

    Google Scholar 

  • Guryan, J., & Kearney, M.S., (2009). Is lottery gambling addictive? Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper No. 14742.

  • Haisley, E., Mostafa, R., & Loewenstein, G. (2008). Subjective relative income and lottery ticket purchases. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 21, 283–295.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hardoon, K. K., Baboushkin, H. R., Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2001). Underlying cognitions in the selection of lottery tickets. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57, 749–763.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hendriks, V. M., Meerkerk, G.-J., Van Oers, H. A. M., & Garretsen, H. F. L. (1997). The Dutch instant lottery: Prevalence and correlates of at-risk playing. Addiction, 92, 335–346.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Herman, J., Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. L. (1998). Children’s cognitive perceptions of 6/49 lottery tickets. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14, 227–244.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hing, N., & Breen, H. (2001). Profiling lady luck: An empirical study of gambling and problem gambling amongst female club members. Journal of Gambling Studies, 17, 47–69.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hira, T. K., & Monson, K. W. (2000). A social learning perspective of gambling behavior among college students at Iowa State University, USA. Journal of Consumer Studies & Home Economics, 24, 1–8.

    Google Scholar 

  • Holtgraves, T., & Skeel, J. (1992). Cognitive biases in playing the lottery: Estimating the odds and choosing the numbers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 22, 934–952.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hraba, J., Mok, W., & Huff, D. (1990). Lottery play and problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 6, 355–377.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacobs, D. F. (2000). Juvenile gambling in North America: An analysis of long term trends and future prospects. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16, 119–152.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jefferson, S., & Nicki, R. (2003). A new instrument to measure cognitive distortions in video lottery terminal users: The informational biases scales (IBS). Journal of Gambling Studies, 12, 387–403.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jones, J. M. (2008). One in six Americans gamble on sports. Gallup Poll. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://www.gallup.com/poll/104086/One-Six-Americans-Gamble-Sports.aspx.

  • Joukhador, J., Blaszczynski, A., & Maccallum, F. (2004). Superstitious beliefs in gambling among problem and non-problem gamblers: Preliminary data. Journal of Gambling Studies, 20, 171–180.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kaizeler, M. J., & Faustino, H. (2008). Lottery sales and per-capita GDP: An inverted U relationship. Lisbon, Portugal: Technical University of Lisbon, School of Economics and Management. Working Paper No. WP 41/2008/DE/SOCIUS.

  • Kaplan, H. R. (1987). Lottery winners: The myth and reality. Journal of Gambling Behavior, 3, 168–178.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kaplan, H. R. (1988). Gambling among lottery winners: Before and after the big score. Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 171–182.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ladouceur, R., Jacques, C., Ferland, F., & Giroux, I. (1998). Parents’ attitudes and knowledge regarding gambling among youths. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14, 83–90.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ladouceur, R., Mayrand, M., Gaboury, A., & St-Onge, M. (1987). Comportements des acheteurs de billets de lotteries passives et pseudo-actives: etude comparative. Revue Canadienne des Sciences du Comportement/Canadian Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 19, 266–274.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ladouceur, R., & Walker, M. (1996). A cognitive perspective on gambling. In P. M. Salkovskis (Ed.), Trends in cognitive therapy (pp. 89–120). Oxford: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ladouceur, R., & Walker, M. (1998). The cognitive approach to understanding and treating pathological gambling. In A. S. Bellack & M. Hersen (Eds.), Comprehensive clinical psychology (pp. 588–601). New York: Pergamon.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lam, D. (2007). An exploratory study of gambling motivations and their impact on the purchase frequencies of various gambling products. Psychology & Marketing, 24, 815–827.

    Google Scholar 

  • Landman, J., & Petty, R. (2000). “It could have been you”: How states exploit counterfactual thought to market lotteries. Psychology & Marketing, 17, 299–321.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lang, K., & Omori, M. (2009). Can demographic variables predict lottery and pari-mutuel losses? An empirical investigation. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25, 171–183.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Lange, M. A. (2001). “If you do not gamble, check this box”: Perceptions of gambling behaviors. Journal of Gambling Studies, 17, 247–254.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Langer, E. (1975). The illusion of control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 311–328.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lau, C., & Kramer, L. (2005). The relativity of luck. About the life of lottery millionaires. Herbolzheim: Centaurus.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lee, Y.-K., & Chang, C.-T. (2008). A social landslide: Social inequalities of lottery advertising in Taiwan. Social Behavior and Personality, 36, 1423–1438.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lesieur, H. R., & Blume, S. B. (1987). The South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS): A knew instrument for the identification of pathological gamblers. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1184–1188.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lorenz, V. C. (1990). State lotteries and compulsive gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 6, 383–396.

    Google Scholar 

  • Macauliffe, E. W. (2006). The state-sponsored lottery: A failure of policy and ethics. Public Integrity, 8, 367–379.

    Google Scholar 

  • MacKinnon, D. P. (2008). Introduction to statistical mediation analysis. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

    Google Scholar 

  • MacKinnon, D. P., & Luecken, L. J. (2008). How and for whom? Mediation and moderation in health psychology. Health Psychology, 27, S99–S100.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Matheson, V. A. (2001). When are state lotteries a good bet (revisited)? Eastern Economic Journal, 27, 55–70.

    Google Scholar 

  • McMullan, J. L., & Miller, D. (2009). Wins, winning and winners: The commercial advertising of lottery gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25, 273–295.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • McNeilly, D. P., & Burke, W. J. (2000). Late life gambling: The attitudes and behaviors of older adults. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16(4), 393–415.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • McNeilly, D. P., & Burke, W. J. (2001). Gambling as a social activity of older adults. International Journal for Aging and Human Development, 52(1), 19–28.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Miyazaki, A. D., Brumbaugh, A. M., & Sprott, D. E. (2001). Promoting and countering consumer misconceptions of random events: The case of perceived control and state-sponsored lotteries. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 20, 254–267.

    Google Scholar 

  • Miyazaki, A. D., Langenderfer, J., & Sprott, D. E. (1999). Government-sponsored lotteries: Exploring purchase and nonpurchase motivations. Psychology & Marketing, 16, 1–20.

    Google Scholar 

  • Momper, S., Nandi, V., Ompad, D. C., Delva, J., & Galea, S. (2009). The prevalence and types of gambling among undocumented Mexican immigrants in New York City. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25, 49–65.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Namrata, R., & Oei, T. P. S. (2009). Factors associated with the severity of gambling problems in a community gambling treatment agency. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 7, 124–137.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nelson, J. E., & Beggan, J. K. (2004). Self-serving judgments about winning the lottery. The Journal of Psychology, 138, 253–264.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Nissle, S., & Bschor, T. (2002). Winning the jackpot and depression: Money cannot buy happiness. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 6, 183–186.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nyman, J. A. (2004). A theory of demand for gambles. Department of Economics Working Paper #322. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

  • Nyman, J. A., Welte, J. W., & Dowd, B. E. (2008). Something for nothing: A model of gambling behavior. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 2492–2504.

    Google Scholar 

  • Papoff, K. M., & Norris, J. E. (2009). Instant ticket purchasing by Ontario baby boomers: Increasing risk for problem gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25, 185–199.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Parsons, K., & Webster, D. (2000). The consumption of gambling in every life. Journal of Consumer Studies & Home Economics, 24, 263–271.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pelletier, M.-F., & Ladouceur, R. (2007). The effect of knowledge of mathematics on gambling behaviours and erroneous perceptions. International Journal of Psychology, 42, 134–140.

    Google Scholar 

  • Petry, N. M., & Mallya, S. (2004). Gambling participation and problems among employees at a university health center. Journal of Gambling Studies, 20, 155–170.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Piriya-rangsan, S., et al. (2004). The economics of gambling (3rd printing). Bangkok: Ruamduay-chuay-ahn.

  • Plontzke, B., Albrecht, U., Thalemann, C., & Grusser, S. M. (2004). Forms of pathological gambling: Empirical research on consumers behaviour of sport betting and lottery participants. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 154, 372–377.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Pugh, P., & Webley, P. (2000). Adolescent participation in the U.K. National Lottery games. Journal of Adolescence, 23, 1–11.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Radecki, T. E. (1994). The sales of lottery tickets to minors in Illinois. Journal of Gambling Studies, 10, 213–218.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ranyard, R., & Charlton, J. P. (2006). Cognitive processes underlying lottery and sports gambling decisions: The role of state probabilities and background knowledge. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 28, 234–254.

    Google Scholar 

  • Raylu, N., & Oei, T. P. S. (2002). Pathological gambling: A comprehensive review. Clinical Psychology Review, 22, 1009–1061.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Raylu, N., & Oei, T. P. (2004). Role of culture in gambling and problem gambling. Clinical Psychology Review, 23, 1087–1114.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Reid, R. L. (1986). The psychology of the near miss. Journal of Gambling Behavior, 2, 32–39.

    Google Scholar 

  • Risen, J. L., & Gilovich, T. (2007). Another look at why people are reluctant to exchange lottery tickets. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 12–22.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Rogers, P. (1998). The cognitive psychology of lottery gambling: A theoretical review. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14, 111–134.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Rogers, P., & Webley, P. (2001). “It could be us!”: Cognitive and social psychological factors in UK National Lottery play. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 50, 181–199.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scientific Games. (2009). Industry information/lottery industry. Retrieved October 28, 2009, from http://www.scigames.com/sections/industry-information/lottery-industry.aspx.

  • Sevigny, S., & Ladoucer, R. (2003). Gamblers’ irrational thinking about chance events: The ‘double switching’ concept. International Gambling Studies, 3, 149–161.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shepherd, R.-M., Ghodse, H., & London, M. (1998). A pilot study examining gambling behaviour before and after the launch of the national lottery and scratch cards in the UK. Addiction Research, 6, 5–12.

    Google Scholar 

  • Snir, R., & Harpaz, I. (2002). To work or not to work: Nonfinancial employment commitment and the social desirability bias. The Journal of Social Psychology, 143, 635–644.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sprott, D. E., Brumbaugh, A. M., & Miyazaki, A. D. (2001). Motivation and ability as predictors of play behaviour in state-sponsored lotteries: An empirical assessment of psychological control. Psychology & Marketing, 18, 973–983.

    Google Scholar 

  • Staw, B. M. (1976). Knee-deep in big muddy: A study of escalating commitment to a chosen course of action. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 16, 27–44.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stucki, S., & Rihs-Middel, M. (2007). Prevalence of adult problem and pathological gambling between 2000 and 2005: An update. Journal of Gambling Studies, 23, 245–257.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Trevorrow, K., & Moore, S. (1998). The association between loneliness, social isolation and women’s electronic gaming machine gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14(3), 263–284.

    Google Scholar 

  • Turner, N. E., Macdonald, J., & Somerset, M. (2008). Life skills, mathematical reasoning and critical thinking: A curriculum for the prevention of problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24, 367–380.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1974). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Science, 185, 1124–1131.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1981). The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice. Science, 211, 453–458.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Vander Bilt, J., Dodge, H. H., Pandav, R., Shaffer, H. J., & Ganguli, M. (2004). Gambling participation and social support among older adults: A longitudinal community study. Journal of Gambling Studies, 20(4), 373–390.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Walker, G. J., Courneya, K. S., & Deng, J. (2006). Ethnicity, gender, and the theory of planned behavior: The case of playing the lottery. Journal of Leisure Research, 38, 224–248.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weinstein, N. D. (1980). Unrealistic optimism about future life events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 806–820.

    Google Scholar 

  • Welte, J. W., Barnes, G. M., Wieczorek, W. F., Tidwell, M.-C. O., & Parker, J. C. (2002). Gambling participation in the U.S.—Results from a national survey. Journal of Gambling Studies, 18, 313–337.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Welte, J. W., Barnes, G. M., Wieczorek, W. F., Tidwell, M.-C. O., & Parker, J. C. (2004). Risk factors for pathological gambling. Addictive Behaviors, 29, 323–335.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Welte, J. W., Wieczorek, W. F., Barnes, G. M., & Tidwell, M.-C. O. (2006). Multiple risk factors for frequent and problem gambling: Individual, social and ecological. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36, 1548–1568.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wickwire, E. M., Jr., Whelan, J. P., West, R., Meyer, A., McCausland, C., & Luellen, J. (2007). Perceived availability, risks, and benefits of gambling among college students. Journal of Gambling Studies, 23, 395–408.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Williams, R. J., & Connolly, D. (2006). Does learning about the mathematics of gambling change gambling behavior. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 20, 62–68.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Willmann, G. (1999). The history of lotteries. Unpublished manuscript, Stanford University, California, USA.

  • Wisman, J. D. (2006). State lotteries: Using state power to fleece the poor. Journal of Economic Issues, XL(4), 955–966.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wolfson, S., & Briggs, P. (2002). Locked into gambling: Anticipatory regret as a motivator for playing the National Lottery. Journal of Gambling Studies, 18, 1–17.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Wood, R. T. A., & Griffiths, M. D. (1998). The acquisition, development and maintenance of lottery and scratch card gambling in adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 21, 265–273.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wood, R. T. A., & Griffiths, M. D. (2002). Adolescent perceptions of the National Lottery and scratch cards: A qualitative study using group interviews. Journal of Adolescence, 25, 655–668.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wood, R. T. A., & Griffiths, M. D. (2004). Adolescent lottery and scratch card players: Do their attitudes influence their gambling behaviour?. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 467–475.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Wood, R. T. A., Griffiths, M. D., Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2002). Adolescent accounts of the UK National Lottery and scratch cards: An analysis using Q-sorts. Journal of Gambling Studies, 18, 161–183.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Zeelenberg, M., & Pieters, R. (2004). Consequences of regret aversion in real life: The case of the Dutch postcode lottery. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 93, 155–168.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgement

The author is indebted to Dr. Thomas J. Knutson for his assistance in the literature search, Dr. Robert Ladouceur for his valuable advice and comments on the earlier draft of this paper, and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful suggestions.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to V. Ariyabuddhiphongs.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ariyabuddhiphongs, V. Lottery Gambling: A Review. J Gambl Stud 27, 15–33 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-010-9194-0

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-010-9194-0

Keywords

  • Lottery gambling
  • Theory of judgment under uncertainty
  • Cognitive theory of gambling
  • Theory of demand for gambles
  • Lotteries’ potential addictiveness
  • Adolescent lottery gambling
  • Life after winning lotteries