Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 479–504 | Cite as

Designing a Longitudinal Cohort Study of Gambling in Alberta: Rationale, Methods, and Challenges

  • Nady el-Guebaly
  • David M. Casey
  • David C. Hodgins
  • Garry J. Smith
  • Robert J. Williams
  • Don P. Schopflocher
  • Robert T. Wood
Original Paper


Longitudinal research on the determinants of gambling behavior is sparse. This article briefly reviews the previous seventeen longitudinally designed studies, focusing on the methodology for each study. This is followed by a description of our ongoing longitudinal study entitled the Leisure, Lifestyle, and Lifecycle Project (LLLP). Participants for the LLLP were recruited from four locations in Alberta, Canada, including both rural and urban populations. In the LLLP most participants were recruited using random digit dialing (RDD), with 1808 participants from 5 age cohorts at baseline: 13–15, 18–20, 23–25, 43–45, and 63–65. Individuals completed telephone, computer, and face-to-face surveys at baseline, with the data collection occurring between February and October, 2006. At baseline, a wide variety of constructs were measured, including gambling behavior, substance use, psychopathology, intelligence, family environment, and internalizing and externalizing problems. Finally, the conclusions that can be drawn thus far are discussed as well as the plans for three future data collections.


Gambling Predictors Longitudinal study Methodology Cohort design 



The authors thank the valuable input of Vickii Williams, Executive Director, AGRI. Funding for this Study: Alberta Gambling Research Institute (AGRI).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nady el-Guebaly
    • 1
  • David M. Casey
    • 2
  • David C. Hodgins
    • 2
  • Garry J. Smith
    • 3
  • Robert J. Williams
    • 4
  • Don P. Schopflocher
    • 5
  • Robert T. Wood
    • 6
  1. 1.Addiction Division, Foothills Addictions ProgramUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  3. 3.Faculty of ExtensionUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  4. 4.School of Health SciencesUniversity of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada
  5. 5.Faculty of NursingUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  6. 6.Department of SociologyUniversity of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada

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