The Prevalence of Problem Gambling Among U.S. Adolescents and Young Adults: Results from a National Survey
- 1.1k Downloads
A random telephone survey was conducted with a representative sample of 2,274 U.S. residents aged 14–21. The prevalence of problem gambling, as measured by the SOGS-RA, was 2.1%. Sixty-eight percent (68%) of the respondents had gambled in the past year, and 11% had gambled more often than twice per week. Males had much higher gambling involvement than females, and gambling involvement increased among older respondents. Blacks were less likely than average to have gambled in the past year, but if they gambled, they were more likely to do so frequently. Low SES respondents were less likely to have gambled in the past year, but if they gambled, they were more likely to be problem gamblers. Life transitions that are associated with assuming adult roles (employment, living independently of parents, non-student status) are also associated with greater gambling involvement. The rates of problem and pathological gambling were lower than those in an adult survey conducted earlier, when measured with the same questionnaire.
KeywordsYouth gambling National survey Youth problem gamblers
This Research was funded by grant R01 MH 063761 to John W. Welte from the National Institute of Mental Health.
- Adlaf, E. M., & Ialomiteanu, A. (2000). Prevalence of problem gambling in adolescents: Findings from the 1999 Ontario student drug use survey. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 45(8), 752–755.Google Scholar
- Carlson, M. J., & Moore, T. L. (1998). Adolescent gambling in Oregon: A report to the Oregon gambling addiction treatment foundation. Salem, Oregon: Funded by the Oregon Gambling Addiction Treatment Foundation.Google Scholar
- Connecticut Council on Problem Gambling. (1998). Gambling and problem gambling among Connecticut high school students. Guildford, CT: Author.Google Scholar
- Jacobs, D. F. (2004). Youth gambling in North America: Long-term trends, future prospects. In J. L. Deverensky & R. Gupta (Eds.), Gambling problems in youth. Theoretical and applied perspectives (pp. 1–24). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
- Liu, L. (2006). Casinos winning big by betting on Asians. Washington Post: The Associated Press.Google Scholar
- National Opinion Research Center. (1999). Gambling impact and behavior study. Chicago: Author.Google Scholar
- Robins, L., Marcus, L., Reich, W., Cunningham, R., & Gallagher, T. (1996). NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule—Version IV (DIS-IV). St. Louis: Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine.Google Scholar
- Shaffer, H. J., Hall, M. N., & Bilt, J. V. (1997). Estimating the prevalence of disordered gambling behavior in the United States and Canada: A meta-analysis. Boston, MA: Harvard Medical School.Google Scholar
- Volberg, R. A. (1993). Gambling and problem gambling among adolescents in Washington state. Report to the Washington State Lottery.Google Scholar
- Volberg, R. A. (1998). Gambling and problem gambling among adolescents in New York. Albany, NY: NY Council on Problem Gambling.Google Scholar
- Wallisch, L. S. (1993). 1992 Texas survey of adolescent gambling behavior. Texas: Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse.Google Scholar