Advertisement

Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 133–143 | Cite as

Gender Differences among Adolescents with Gambling-Related Problems

  • Stephen Ellenbogen
  • Jeffrey Derevensky
  • Rina Gupta
Original Paper

Abstract

Data from five recent studies using self-reports were merged to explore gender differences in the characteristics of adolescent problem gambling, including comorbidity with other youth problems. The sample consisted of 2,750 male and 2,563 female participants. Male problem gamblers were more likely than females to report signs of psychological difficulties while females were more likely to note behavioural problems as a consequence of their gambling problems. Males and females with severe gambling problems had remarkably similar prevalence rates of depression, substance use and weekly gambling. In the non-problem gambling group, depression was more likely to afflict females whereas substance use and frequent gambling were more prevalent among males.

Keywords

Pathological gambling Adolescence Gender 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This research was supported by a grant to Drs. Jeffrey Derevensky and Rina Gupta from SSHRC, FRSQ, MSSS, and Loto-Quebec.

References

  1. APA. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, IV. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  2. Derevensky, J., & Gupta, R. (2004a). Gambling problems in youth: Developmental and applied perspectives. NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  3. Derevensky, J., & Gupta, R. (2004b). The measurement of youth gambling problems: Current instruments, methodological issues and future directions. In J. Derevensky & R. Gupta (Eds.), Gambling problems in youth: Theoretical and applied perspectives (pp. 121–144). NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  4. Derevensky, J., & Gupta, R. (2004c). Adolescents with gambling problems: A review of our current knowledge. e-Gambling: The Electronic Journal of Gambling Issues, 10, 119–140.Google Scholar
  5. Derevensky, J., Gupta, R., & Winters, K. (2003). Prevalence rates of youth gambling problems: Are the current rates inflated? Journal of Gambling Studies, 19(4), 405–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dickson, L., Derevensky, J., & Gupta, R. (2002). The prevention of youth gambling problems: A conceptual model. Journal of Gambling Studies, 18(2), 97–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fisher, S. (1992). Measuring pathological gambling in children: The case of fruit machines in the U. K. Journal of Gambling Studies, 8, 263–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fisher, S. (2000). Developing the DSM-IV-MR-J criteria to identify adolescent problem gambling in non-clinical populations. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16, 253–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Galambos, N., Leadbeater, B., & Barker, E. (2004). Gender differences in and risk factors for depression in adolescence: A 4-year longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28(1), 16–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grant, J. E., & Kim, S. W. (2002). Gender differences in pathological gamblers seeking medication treatment. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 43(1), 56–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. (1996). The Gambling activities questionnaire. Montreal: McGill University.Google Scholar
  12. Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. (1998). Adolescent gambling behavior: A prevalence study and examination of the correlates associated with problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14(4), 319–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. (2004) A treatment approach for adolescents with gambling problems. In J. Derevensky & R. Gupta (Eds.), Gambling problems in youth: Developmental and applied perspectives (pp. 165–188). NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  14. Ibanez, A., Blanco, C., Moreryra, P., & Saiz-Ruiz, J. (2003). Gender differences in pathological gambling. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 64(3), 295–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jacobs, D. F. (2004). Youth gambling in North America: Long term trends, future prospects. In J. Derevensky, & R. Gupta (Eds.), Gambling problems in youth: Developmental and applied perspectives (pp. 1–26). NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  16. Jessor, R. (1998). New perspectives on adolescent risk behavior. In R. Jessor (Ed.), New perspectives on adolescent risk behavior. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Ladd, G. T., & Petry, N. M. (2002). Gender differences among pathological gamblers seeking treatment. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 10(3), 302–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. National Research Council (1999). Pathological gambling: A critical review. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  19. Nower, L., & Blaszczynski, A. (2004). A pathways approach to treating youth gamblers. In J. Derevensky, & R. Gupta (Eds.), Gambling problems in youth: Developmental and applied perspectives (pp. 189–210). NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  20. Petry, N. M. (2004). Pathological gambling: Etiology, comorbidity and treatment. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  21. Petry, N. M., Stinson, F. S., & Grant, B. F. (2005). Comorbidity of DSM-IV pathological gambling and other psychiatric disorders: Results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 66(5), 564–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Potenza, M. N., Maciejewski, P. K. & Mazure, C. M. (2006). A gender-based examination of past-year recreational gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 22(1), 41–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Potenza, M. N., Steinberg, M. A., McLaughlin, S. D., Wu, R., Rounsaville, B. J., & O’Malley, S. S. (2001). Gender-related differences in the characteristics of problem gamblers using a gambling helpline. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158(9), 1500–1505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Reynolds, W. M. (1987). Reynolds adolescent depression scale. Champaign, IL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.Google Scholar
  25. Reynolds, W. M. (1998). Reliability and validity of the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale with young adolescents. Journal of School Psychology, 36, 295–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Romer, D. (2003). Reducing adolescent risk: Toward an integrated approach. California: Sage.Google Scholar
  27. Stinchfield, R., & Winters, K. C. (1998). Gambling and problem gambling among youth. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 556, 172–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tavares, H., Martins, S. S., Lobo, D. S. S., Silveira, C. M., Gentil, V., & Hodgins, D. C. (2003). Factors at play in faster progression for female pathological gamblers: An exploratory analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 64(4), 433–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Volberg, R. A. (1998). Gambling and problem gambling among adolescents in New York. Albany, NY: New York Council on Problem Gambling.Google Scholar
  30. Wiebe, J., Cox, B., & Mehmel, B. (2000). The South Oaks Gambling Screen Revised for Adolescents (SOGS-RA). further psychometric findings from a community sample. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16, 275–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Winters, K. C., & Rich, T. (1998). A twin study of adult gambling behavior. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14, 213–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Ellenbogen
    • 1
  • Jeffrey Derevensky
    • 1
  • Rina Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.International Centre for Youth Gambling Problems and High-Risk BehaviorsMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations