Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 309–322 | Cite as

Validation of the Chinese Version of the Gambling Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS-C)

  • Tian P. S. Oei
  • James Lin
  • Namrata Raylu
Original Paper


Gambling cognitions have constantly been associated with the development and maintenance of problem gambling. Despite researchers reporting high rates of gambling and problem gambling among the Chinese, little is known about the role of gambling cognitions among Chinese individuals (Raylu & Oei, 2004a). This is partly because there is a lack of validated instruments to assess gambling cognitions in this population. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to examine and validate the Gambling Related Cognitions Scale-Chinese version (GRCS-C), which was based on the 23-item Gambling Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS; Raylu & Oei, 2004b). Confirmatory Factory Analysis (CFA) using 422 Chinese participants (166 Male, 256 Female; Mean age = 32.28 years) from the general community (221 living in Australia and 201 living in Taiwan) confirmed that a five-factor model was a good fit for the data. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the overall scale was .95, and ranged from .83 to .89 for the five factors. Concurrent, discriminant, and predictive validities of the GRCS (Chinese version) were also good suggesting that the GRCS-C is a valid and reliable instrument for assessing gambling cognitions among non-clinical Chinese samples.


Chinese Cognitions Gambling Confirmatory Psychometric 



A research project supported financially by the Queensland Office of Gaming Regulation under the Responsible Gambling Research Grants Program.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.CBT Unit, Toowong Private HospitalBrisbaneAustralia

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