Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 373–392 | Cite as

Do Predictors of Gambling Involvement Differ Across Male and Female Adolescents?

  • Heather Chalmers
  • Teena Willoughby


We examined gender-specific factors, which might be related to adolescent gambling behavior, using a comprehensive set of predictors from neighborhood, school, family, peer, and intrapersonal domains. Discriminate function analyses revealed a unique pattern of results for each gender. The noteworthy predictors for males were similar to what is found to be predictors of other risk behaviors, suggesting that there may be a similar etiology to gambling participation as found with other risk behaviors. Compared to males, the model for females suggests that parents and peers may have a greater influence on engagement in gambling behavior. Participation in unstructured activities, and risk attitudes/perceptions were the only consistent noteworthy predictors across both males and females. Implications are discussed.


Gambling Gender differences Adolescence 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Child and Youth StudiesBrock UniversityCatharinesCanada

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