Advertisement

Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 427–442 | Cite as

Trends in Gambling Studies Research: Quantifying, Categorizing, and Describing Citations

  • Howard J. Shaffer
  • Michael V. Stanton
  • Sarah E. Nelson
Original Paper

Abstract

As opportunities to gamble have increased during the 20th century, so has gambling research. This study used new strategies, methods, and technology to examine citation trends and the growth of knowledge in the field of gambling studies. The sample included 2,246 citations that were published between 1903 and 2003. By using multiple keywords to classify each citation into distinct topic areas, this study yielded a more comprehensive analysis than was previously available. The results reveal that gambling-related research has grown at an exponential rate. The most prevalent topics explored within gambling studies citations have been pathology, risk-taking, decision-making and addiction. Between 1999 and 2003, studies addressing epidemiology, drug abuse, comorbidity and neuroscience have become increasingly prevalent. Based on these trends and their implications, this paper provides several recommendations for both future areas of inquiry within the field of gambling studies and better classification techniques for citations within all fields of psychology.

Keywords

Gambling Scientific communication Technology Trends Review 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors extend special thanks to Gabriel Caro, Tony Donato, Debi LaPlante, and Christine Reilly for their important contributions to this project.

References

  1. Adair, J. G., & Vohra, N. (2003). The explosion of knowledge, references, and citations. Psychology’s unique response to a crisis. American Psychologist, 58(1), 15–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. American Psychological Association (2004). PsycINFO®. Retrieved January 20, from http://www.ovid.com/site/catalog/DataBase/139.jsp?top = 2&mid = 3&bottom = 7&subsection = 10.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, A. J., & Richman, D. D. (1997). HIV-1: Gambling on the evolution of drug resistance? Nature Medicine, 3(3), 268–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Campbell, D. T., & Fiske, D. W. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait–multimethod matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 56, 81–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Eber, G. B., & Shaffer, H. J. (2000). Trends in bio-behavioral gambling studies research: Quantifying citations. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16(4), 461–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Garfield, E. (1955). Citation indexes for science; a new dimension in documentation through association of ideas. Science, 122, 108–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Henderson, A. (1998). Electronic databases and publishing. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. Korn, D. A., & Shaffer, H. J. (1999). Gambling and the health of the public: Adopting a public health perspective. Journal of Gambling Studies, 15(4), 289–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Microsoft Corporation. (2002). Microsoft Excel 2002 (Version 10 SP-2). Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation.Google Scholar
  10. Najman, J., & Hewitt, B. (2003). The validity of publication and citation counts for sociology and other selected disciplines. Journal of Sociology, 39(1), 62–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. National Gambling Impact Study Commission (1999). National gambling impact study commission report. Washington, DC: National Gambling Impact Study Commission.Google Scholar
  12. National Research Council (1999). Pathological gambling: A critical review. Washington DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  13. OVID Technologies (2003). OVID (Version 9.0). New York City: OVID Technologies.Google Scholar
  14. Rait, C. (1989). The AMA: Gambling with nursing’s future. Neonatal Network—Journal of Neonatal Nursing, 7(5), 7.Google Scholar
  15. Regier, D. A., & Robins, L. N. (1991). Introduction. In D. A. Regier, &L. N. Robins (Eds.), Psychiatric disorders in America: The epidemiologic catchment area study (pp. 1–10). New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  16. Shaffer, H. J., & Kidman, R. C. (2004). Gambling and the public health. In J. E. Grant & M. N. Potenza (Eds.), Pathological gambling: A clinical guide to treatment (pp. 3–23). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.Google Scholar
  17. Shaffer, H. J., & Korn, D. A. (2002). Gambling and related mental disorders: A public health analysis. Annual Review of Public Health, 23, 171–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Shaffer, H. J., LaBrie, R. A., LaPlante, D. A., Nelson, S. E., & Stanton, M. V. (2004). The road less travelled: Moving from distribution to determinants in the study of gambling epidemiology. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 49, 504–516.Google Scholar
  19. SPSS Inc. (2003). SPSS (Version 12.0) [statistics program]. Chicago: SPSS.Google Scholar
  20. Thomson ISI ResearchSoft (2003). EndNote (Version 7.0) [World Wide Web]: Thomson ISI ResearchSoft.Google Scholar
  21. Thomson ISI ResearchSoft (2004). RefViz (Version 1.0) [citation searching program].Google Scholar
  22. Thorngate, W. (1990). The economy of attention and the development of psychology. Canadian Psychology, 31(3), 262–271.Google Scholar
  23. U.S. National Library of Medicine (2004). MEDLINE®. Retrieved January 20, from http://www.ovid.com/site/catalog/DataBase/900.jsp?top = 2&mid = 3&bottom = 7&subsection = 10.Google Scholar
  24. Xhingnesse, L., & Osgood, C. (1967). Bibliographic citation characteristics of the psychological journal network in 1950 and in 1960. American Psychologist, 22, 778–791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Howard J. Shaffer
    • 1
  • Michael V. Stanton
    • 1
  • Sarah E. Nelson
    • 1
  1. 1.Division on AddictionsHarvard Medical SchoolMedfordUSA

Personalised recommendations