Characteristics and Gender Differences Among Self-Excluded Casino Problem Gamblers: Missouri Data
- 246 Downloads
The present study explores gender-related differences in the demographic and gambling-related characteristics of 2670 problem gamblers participating in a state-administered (Missouri) casino self-exclusion program between 2001 and 2003. Female (n=1298, 48.4%) and male (n=1372, 51.1%) participants ranged in age from 21 to 84 years. Gender-related differences were noted among demographic variables, patterns of gambling behavior, reasons for self-exclusion, and involvement in self-help, counseling, and bankruptcy services. Female self-excluders were more likely than males to be older at time of application, African American, and either retired, unemployed or otherwise outside the traditional workforce. In addition, female self-excluders were more likely to report a later age of gambling onset, a shorter period between onset and self-exclusion, a preference for non-strategic forms of gambling and prior bankruptcy. The main predictors for female participation in self-exclusion included a desire to gain control and prevent suicide and referral by a counselor. The desire to save the marriage was a motivating factor for all participants. Findings suggest that the most efficacious treatment strategies with this group will include family systemic therapy and financial management in addition to pharmaco-treatment and culturally-sensitive individual therapy.
Keywordsself-exclusion gender differences problem or pathological gambling gambling treatment.
The authors wish to thank Kevin Mullally, Melissa Stephens, and Annette Turner of the Missouri Gaming Commission and Jenna Zimmerman of the University of Missouri-St. Louis for their invaluable assistance and support of this project.
- Bland R. C., Newman S. C., Orn H., Stebelsky G., (1993). Epidemiology of pathological gambling in EdmontonCanadian Journal of Psychology 38: 108–112Google Scholar
- Custer R., Milt H., (1985). When Luck Runs Out: Help for Compulsive Gamblers and Their Families Facts on File, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Lesieur H., Blume S. B. (1991). When lady luck loses: Women and compulsive gambling. In: van den Bergh N., (eds), Feminist Perspectives on Addictions New York: Springer pp. 181–197Google Scholar
- National Opinion Research Center (NORC) (1999). Gambling Impact and Behavior Study Author, University of Chicago, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
- National Research Council (NRC) (1999). Pathological Gambling: A Critical Review National Academy Press, Washington D.CGoogle Scholar
- O’Neil M., Whetton S., Dolman B., Herbert M., Giannopolous V., O’Neil D., Wordley J., (2003). Part A – Evaluation of Self-Exclusion Programs in Victoria and Part B – Summary of Self-Exclusion Programs in Australian States and Territories Gambling Research Panel, MelbourneGoogle Scholar
- Petry N. M. (2004). Pathological Gambling: Etiology, Comorbidity, and Treatment American Psychological Association, Washington D.CGoogle Scholar
- Shaffer H. J., Hall M. N., Vander Bilt J. (1997). Estimating the Prevalence of Disordered Gambling in the United States and Canada: A Meta-Analysis Harvard Medical School Division on Addictions, BostonGoogle Scholar
- U.S. Census (2004). Missouri QuickFacts, 2000–2003. (online) http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/29000.html, accessed August 1, 2004Google Scholar