Violence Victimization and Parenting among Black South African Mothers

Abstract

Black South African women and girls face high rates of violence victimization, including physical, sexual, and emotional abuse in childhood and intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. U.S.-based research suggests that violence victimization predicts parenting difficulties, but this relation has not been examined in a South African context. Among a sample of 99 Black South African female caregivers, we examined rates of child abuse, IPV, and cumulative trauma, and we explored the associations between caregivers’ victimization history and current parenting quality (i.e., parent-child relationship quality & parental involvement with child). Caregivers completed self-report questionnaires using ACASI software. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that caregivers reporting childhood physical or sexual abuse were less involved with their children. Caregivers with a history of emotional abuse reported significantly worse parent-child relationship quality. Cumulative trauma was associated with worse parental involvement and parent-child relationship quality. Results reveal relatively high rates of interpersonal violence victimization among this convenience sample of Black South African women, as well as unique relations between forms of victimization and specific parenting practices. The findings highlight the importance of behavioral parent training interventions with a focus on specific assessment of parents’ victimization experiences.

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Goodrum, N.M., Felix, R., Self-Brown, S. et al. Violence Victimization and Parenting among Black South African Mothers. J Fam Viol 34, 127–137 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-018-0022-0

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Keywords

  • Child maltreatment
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Violence victimization
  • Parenting
  • South Africa