Risk Factors of Violence against Women in Peru

Abstract

Based on the results of previous investigations, this study seeks for individual, relationship and community characteristics among women living with their partner associated with intimate partner violence [IPV] victimization. The sample of 19,131 women was taken from the 2016 Peru Demographic and Health Survey. A binomial logistic regression model showed among the most significant risk factors: heavy drinking by the woman’s partner (OR = 8.655, p < .001), having witnessed parental domestic violence (OR = 1.496, p < .001) and having experienced physical punishment during childhood (OR = 1.306, p < .001). Other factors related to higher odds of IPV at the individual level include employment and low educational attainment. Relationship risk factors comprise, 25 to 29 years of relationship duration, living in cohabitation, previous unions and low socioeconomic status. At the community level, living in an urban residence increases the likelihood of abuse. These findings highlight the need to include these factors, in the IPV prevention strategies.

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Castro, R.J., Cerellino, L.P. & Rivera, R. Risk Factors of Violence against Women in Peru. J Fam Viol 32, 807–815 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-017-9929-0

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Keywords

  • Intimate partner violence
  • women
  • Peru
  • risk factors
  • demographic survey
  • family
  • public policies