Advertisement

Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 32, Issue 8, pp 787–797 | Cite as

Women in IPV Treatment for Abusers and Women in IPV Survivor Groups: Different or Two Sides of the Same Coin?

  • Leslie M. Tutty
  • Robbie Babins-Wagner
  • Michael A. Rothery
Original Article

Abstract

The Calgary Counselling Centre offers therapy groups for both women whose partners abuse them, “You’re Not Alone” (YNA) and women who abuse partners, “Responsible Choices for Women” (RCW). The study examines 262 group members (157 RCW & 105 YNA), comparing their demographics and scores on measures of physical and non-physical partner abuse, and mental health symptoms. At pretest, women in YNA reported significantly more problematic depression, anxiety, general distress and trauma symptoms than women in the RCW program. Nevertheless, the factorial repeated measures analysis of variance on pretest/posttest data from 177 women found statistically significant improvements on all four outcomes measures for women in both groups, although women in the YNA survivor groups made the most improvements on depression, stress and general distress. Clinical implications are described.

Keywords

Intimate partner violence Group intervention Violence against women BIP programs Outcome evaluation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Christine Berry, Director of Family Violence Prevention Initiatives, Calgary Counselling Centre, who reviewed an earlier version of the submission.

References

  1. Abel, E. M. (2001). Comparing the social service utilization, exposure to violence, and trauma symptomatology of domestic violence female “victims” and female batterers. Journal of Family Violence, 16(4), 401–420. doi: 10.1023/A:1012276927091.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abel, E. M. (2000). Psychosocial treatments for battered women: A review of empirical research. Research on Social Work Practice, 10(1), 55–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alaggia, R., Gadalla, T. M., Shlonsky, A., Jenney, A., & Daciuk, J. (2013). Does differential response make a difference: Examining domestic violence cases in child protection services. Child & Family Social Work, 20(1), 83–95. doi: 10.1111/cfs.12058.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Andrews, P., & Moyer, R. G. (2003). Marlowe-Crowne social desirability scale and short form C: Forensic norms. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 59(4), 483–492.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Attala, J. M., Hudson, W. W., & McSweeney, M. (1994). A partial validation of two short-form partner abuse scales. Women & Health, 21(2–3), 125–139. doi: 10.1300/J013v21n02_08.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bair-Merritt, M. H., Crowne, S. S., Thompson, D. A., Sibinga, E., Trent, M., & Campbell, J. (2010). Why do women use intimate partner violence? A systematic review of women's motivations. Trauma Violence & Abuse, 11(4), 178–189. doi: 10.1177/1524838010379003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buttell, F. P., Powers, D., & Wong, A. (2012). Evaluating predictors of program attrition among women mandated into batterer intervention treatment. Research on Social Work Practice, 22(1), 22–28. doi: 10.1177/1049731511413473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carney, M. M. & Buttell, F. P. (2004). A multidimensional evaluation of a treatment program for female batterers: A pilot study. Research on Social Work Practice, 14(4), 249–258. doi: 10.1177/1049731503262223
  9. Crespo, M., & Arinero, M. (2010). Assessment of the efficacy of a psychological treatment for women victims of violence by their intimate male partner. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 13(2), 849–863. doi: 10.1017/S113874160000250X
  10. DeKeseredy, W. S., & Dragiewicz, M. (2014). Woman abuse in Canada: Sociological reflections on the past, suggestions for the future. Violence Against Women, 20(2), 228–244. doi: 10.1177/1077801214521325.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Dowd, L., & Leisring, P. A. (2008). A framework for treating partner aggressive women. Violence and Victims, 23(2), 249–263. doi: 10.1891/0886-6708.23.2.249.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Durfee, A. (2012). Situational ambiguity and gendered patterns of arrest for intimate partner violence. Violence Against Women, 18(1), 64–84. doi: 10.1177/1077801212437017.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Elliot, D., & Briere, J. (1992). Sexual abuse trauma among professional women: Validating the trauma symptom Checklist-40 (TSC-40). Child Abuse & Neglect, 16, 391–398. doi: 10.1016/0145-2134(92)90048-V.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fanslow, J. L., Gulliver, P., Dixon, R., & Ayallo, I. (2015). Hitting back: Women’s use of physical violence against violent male partners, in the context of a violent episode. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(17), 2963–2979. doi: 10.1177/0886260514555010.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Feder, L., & Henning, K. (2005). A comparison of male and female dually arrested domestic violence offenders. Violence and Victims, 20(2), 153–171.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (Third ed.). Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. Ferrari, G., Agnew-Davies, R., Bailey, J., Howard, L., Howarth, E., Peters, T. J., Sardinha, L., & Feder, G. (2014). Domestic violence and mental health: A cross-sectional survey of women seeking help from domestic violence support services. Global Health Action, 7. doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.25519.
  18. Fraehlich, C., & Ursel, J. (2014). Arresting women: Pro-arrest policies, debates, and developments. Journal of Family Violence, 29(5), 507–518. doi: 10.1007/s10896-014-9605-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Frye, V., Haviland, M., & Rajah, V. (2007). Dual arrest and other unintended consequences of mandatory arrest in new York City: A brief report. Journal of Family Violence, 22, 397–405. doi: 10.1007/s10896-007-9094-y.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gray-Little, B., Williams, V. S. L., & Hancock, T. D. (1997). An item response theory analysis of the Rosenberg self-esteem scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 443–451. doi: 10.1177/0146167297235001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Heckert, D. A., & Gondolf, E. W. (2000). Assessing assault self-reports by batterer program participants and their partners. Journal of Family Violence, 15(2), 181–197. doi: 10.1023/A:1007594928605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Henning, K., Martinsson, R., & Holdford, R. (2009). Gender differences in risk factors for intimate partner violence recidivism. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 18(6), 623–645. doi: 10.1080/10926770903103248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Henning, K., Renauer, B., & Holdford, R. (2006). Victim or offender? Heterogeneity among women arrested for intimate partner violence. Journal of Family Violence, 21, 351–368. doi: 10.1007/s10896-006-9032-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jacobson, N., Follette, W., & Revenstorf, D. (1984). Psychotherapy outcome research: Methods for reporting variability and evaluating clinical significance. Behavior Therapy, 17, 308–311. doi: 10.1016/S0005-7894(84)80002-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jenkins, A. (1991). Intervention with violence and abuse in families: The inadvertent perpetuation of irresponsible behaviour. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 12(4), 186–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Johnson, M. P. (2011). Gender and types of intimate partner violence: A response to an anti-feminist literature review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 16(4), 289–296. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2011.04.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kelly, J. B., & Johnson, M. P. (2008). Differentiation among types of intimate partner violence: Research update and implications for interventions. Family Court Review, 46(3), 476–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lacey, K. K., McPherson, M. D., Samuel, P. S., Sears, K. P., & Head, D. (2013). The impact of different types of intimate partner abuse on the mental and physical health of women in different ethnic groups. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 28(2), 359–385. doi: 10.1177/0886260512454743.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Lambert, M. J., Burlingame, G. M., Umphress, V., Hansen, N. B., Vermeersch, D. A., Clouse, G. C., & Yanchar, S. C. (1996). The reliability and validity of the outcome questionnaire. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 3(4), 249–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Macy, R. J., Rizo, C. F., & Ermentrout, D. M. (2013b). Characteristics, needs, and help seeking of partner violence victims mandated to community services by courts and child protective services. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 83(4), 588–599. doi: 10.1111/ajop.12049.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Macy, R. J., Rizo, C. F., Guo, S., & Ermentrout, D. M. (2013a). Changes in intimate partner violence among women mandated to community services. Research on Social Work Practice, 23(6), 624–638. doi: 10.1177/1049731513490810.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Macy, R. J., Ermentrout, D. M., & Rizo, C. F. (2012). An innovative program for justice-involved partner violence victims: “no man is worth me getting locked up. Journal of Family Violence, 27(5), 453–464. doi: 10.1007/s10896-012-9436-2.
  33. McGregor, M., Tutty, L., Babins-Wagner, R., & Gill, M. (2002). The long term impact of group treatment for partner abuse. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 21, 67–84. doi: 10.7870/cjcmh-2002-0006.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Miller, S. L., Gregory, C., & Iovanni, L. (2005). One size fits all? A gender-neutral approach to a gender-specific problem: Contrasting batterer treatment programs for male and female offenders. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 16(3), 336–359. doi: 10.1177/0887403404273944.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Morey, L. C. (2007). The personality Assessment inventory professional manual. Lutz: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  36. Muftic, L. R., Bouffard, J. A., & Bouffard, L. A. (2007). An exploratory study of women arrested for intimate partner violence: Violent women or violent resistance? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22(6), 753–774. doi: 10.1177/0886260507300756.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Prochaska, J. O., & Norcross, J. C. (2003). Systems of psychotherapy: A transtheoretical analysis. Pacific Grove: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  38. Rea, L. M., & Parker, R. A. (2014). Designing and conducting survey research (4th ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Boss.Google Scholar
  39. Reynolds, W. (1982). Development of a reliable and valid short form of the Marlowe-Crowne social desirability scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 38, 118–125. doi: 10.1002/1097-4679(198201)38:1<119::AID-JCLP2270380118>3.0.CO;2-I.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rinfret-Raynor, M., & Cantin, S. (2007). Feminist therapy for battered women: An assessment. In J. L. J. G. Kaufman Kantor (Ed.), Out of the darkness: Contemporary perspectives on family violence (pp. 219–234). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  41. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Santos, A., Matos, M., & Machado, A. (2016). Effectiveness of a group intervention program for female victims of intimate partner violence. Small Group Research, 48(1), 34–61. doi: 10.1177/104649641667522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Saunders, D. (2002). Are physical assaults by wives and girlfriends a major social problem? A review of the literature. Violence Against Women, 8(12), 1424–1448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Saunders, D. G. (1991). Procedures for adjusting self-reports of violence for social desirability bias. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 6, 336–344. doi: 10.1177/088626091006003006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Shorey, R. C., Brasfield, H., Febres, J., & Stuart, G. L. (2011). The association between impulsivity, trait anger, and the perpetration of intimate partner and general violence among women arrested for domestic violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(13), 2681–2697. doi: 10.1177/0886260510388289.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Storey, J. E., & Strand, S. (2013). Assessing violence risk among female IPV perpetrators: An examination of the B-SAFER. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 22(9), 964–980. doi: 10.1080/10926771.2013.835015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Stuart, G. L., Moore, T. M., Gordon, K. C., Hellmuth, J. C., Ramsey, S. E., & Kahler, C. W. (2006). Reasons for intimate partner violence perpetration among arrested women. Violence Against Women, 12(7), 609–621. doi: 10.1177/1077801206290173.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Stukas, A. A., & Cumming, G. (2014). Interpreting effect sizes: Toward a quantitative cumulative social psychology. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44(7), 711–722. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.2019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Sullivan, T. P., Titus, J. A., Holt, L. J., Swan, S. C., Fisher, B. S., & Snow, D. L. (2010). Does the inclusion criterion of women’s aggression as opposed to their victimization result in samples that differ on key dimensions of intimate partner violence? Violence Against Women, 16(1), 84–98. doi: 10.1177/1077801209353575.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  50. Swan, S. C., Gambone, L. J., Van Horn, M. L., Snow, D. L., & Sullivan, T. P. (2012). Factor structures for aggression and victimization among women who used aggression against male partners. Violence Against Women, 18(9), 1045–1066. doi: 10.1177/1077801212461429.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  51. Tower, L. E. (2007). Group work with a new population: Women in domestic relationships responding to violence with violence. Women & Therapy, 30(1–2), 35–60. doi: 10.1300/J015v30n01_03.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Tower, L. E., Schiller, D., & Fernandez, M. E. (2008). Women court-ordered for domestic violence: Improvements in depression. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 16(1), 40–54. doi: 10.1080/10926770801920651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Tutty, L. M., & Babins-Wagner, R. (2016). Outcomes and recidivism in mandated batterer intervention before and after introducing a specialized domestic violence court. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. doi: 10.1177/0886260516647005.
  54. Tutty, L. M., Babins-Wagner, R., & Rothery, M. A. (2015). You’re Not Alone: Mental health outcomes in therapy groups for abused women. Journal of Family Violence, 30. doi: 10.1007/s10896-015-9779-6.
  55. Tutty, L. M., Babins-Wagner, R., & Rothery, M. A. (2009). A comparison of women who were mandated and nonmandated to the “responsible choices for women” group. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 18(7), 770–793. doi: 10.1080/10926770903249777.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Tutty, L. M., Bidgood, B. A., & Rothery, M. A. (1996). Evaluating the effect of group process and client variables in support groups for battered women. Research on Social Work Practice, 6(3), 308–324. doi: 10.1177/104973159600600303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Tutty, L. M., Jesso, D., Ogden, C., & Warrell, J. G. (2011). Interviews with mandated men regarding the criminal justice process and Calgary Counselling Centre’s Responsible Choices for Men Program. Retrieved from: http://www.ucalgary.ca/resolve/files/resolve/responsible-choices-for-men-a-follow-up-qualitative-evaluation-of-men-mandated-to-the-ccc.pdf. Accessed June 2007.
  58. Wade, A. (1997). Small acts of living: Everyday resistance to violence and other forms of oppression. Contemporary Family Therapy, 19, 23–39. doi: 10.1023/A:1026154215299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Walmyr Publishing (2014). Assessment scales. Retrieved from: http://www.walmyr.com/scales.html.
  60. Walker, T. (2013). Voices from the group: Violent women’s experiences of intervention. Journal of Family Violence, 28(4), 419–426. doi: 10.1007/sl0896-013-9509-x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Walsh, J., Spangaro, J., & Soldatic, K. (2015). Global understandings of domestic violence. Nursing and Health Sciences, 17, 1–4. doi: 10.1111/nhs.12197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie M. Tutty
    • 1
  • Robbie Babins-Wagner
    • 2
  • Michael A. Rothery
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Social WorkUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  2. 2.Calgary Counselling CentreCalgaryCanada

Personalised recommendations