Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 31, Issue 7, pp 849–864 | Cite as

Children’s Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and their Social, School, and Activities Competence: Latent Profiles and Correlates

  • Shelby Elaine McDonald
  • Rosalie Corona
  • Anna Maternick
  • Frank R. Ascione
  • James Herbert Williams
  • Sandra A. Graham-Bermann
Original Article

Abstract

This study examined patterns of intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure and three domains of competence among 288 children recruited from community-based domestic violence agencies. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was performed to identify subgroups of children who differed based on levels of social, academic, and extracurricular competence and exposure to IPV. Five distinct latent profiles were identified: Frequent IPV Exposure-Low Activity Competence (39 % of children), Frequent IPV Exposure-Average Global Competence (31 % of children), Frequent IPV Exposure-High Global Competence (13 % of children), Low IPV Exposure-Compromised School Competence (11 % of children), and Low IPV Exposure-Compromised Global Competence (6 % of children). Covariates distinguished between the profiles (e.g., yearly household income, maternal education, number of children in the household) and the groups were characterized by statistically significant mean differences in total behavior problems. Implications for future research and community-based preventive intervention efforts are discussed.

Keywords

Domestic violence Children Competence Resilience 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shelby Elaine McDonald
    • 1
  • Rosalie Corona
    • 2
  • Anna Maternick
    • 1
  • Frank R. Ascione
    • 3
  • James Herbert Williams
    • 3
  • Sandra A. Graham-Bermann
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Social Work, Academic Learning CommonsVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  3. 3.Graduate School of Social WorkUniversity of DenverDenverUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyThe University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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