Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 31, Issue 7, pp 849–864 | Cite as

Children’s Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and their Social, School, and Activities Competence: Latent Profiles and Correlates

  • Shelby Elaine McDonald
  • Rosalie Corona
  • Anna Maternick
  • Frank R. Ascione
  • James Herbert Williams
  • Sandra A. Graham-Bermann
Original Article


This study examined patterns of intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure and three domains of competence among 288 children recruited from community-based domestic violence agencies. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was performed to identify subgroups of children who differed based on levels of social, academic, and extracurricular competence and exposure to IPV. Five distinct latent profiles were identified: Frequent IPV Exposure-Low Activity Competence (39 % of children), Frequent IPV Exposure-Average Global Competence (31 % of children), Frequent IPV Exposure-High Global Competence (13 % of children), Low IPV Exposure-Compromised School Competence (11 % of children), and Low IPV Exposure-Compromised Global Competence (6 % of children). Covariates distinguished between the profiles (e.g., yearly household income, maternal education, number of children in the household) and the groups were characterized by statistically significant mean differences in total behavior problems. Implications for future research and community-based preventive intervention efforts are discussed.


Domestic violence Children Competence Resilience 



This research was funded by Grant 5R01-HD-66503-4 from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and Grant 2015-0709 from the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health or ASPCA. This paper was presented in part at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Work and Research in January 2016 in Washington, DC. The authors would like to thank the community-based domestic violence advocates for their contribution to this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shelby Elaine McDonald
    • 1
  • Rosalie Corona
    • 2
  • Anna Maternick
    • 1
  • Frank R. Ascione
    • 3
  • James Herbert Williams
    • 3
  • Sandra A. Graham-Bermann
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Social Work, Academic Learning CommonsVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  3. 3.Graduate School of Social WorkUniversity of DenverDenverUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyThe University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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