Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 179–188 | Cite as

Consideration of Risk and Protective Factors for Families at Risk for Child Maltreatment: An Intervention Approach

  • Leigh E. Ridings
  • Lana O. Beasley
  • Jane F. SilovskyEmail author
Original Article


Child maltreatment is associated with a complex interplay of risk and protective factors. Intervention service decisions for child maltreatment need an empirically-supported approach integrating targeted risk and protective factors. A literature review led to the proposed approach to address the interplay between risk (intimate partner violence; IPV and depression) and protective factors (social support and family resources) to help guide decision-making in home-based prevention services for vulnerable families. This approach suggests that social support and family resources are two pivotal protective factors in buffering against child maltreatment potential, while addressing core risk factors. This approach is consistent with research suggesting that home-based parenting programs should target central risk and protective factors in child maltreatment. Application of this approach can guide training of providers delivering home-based services and support decision-making. Future research is warranted to test this approach in empirically-supported interventions.


Intimate partner violence Child maltreatment Risk factors Protective factors Supports 



We wish to acknowledge the contributions of Georgi Roberts to this manuscript and thank her for her assistance. We also want to thank Arthur Owora, David Bard, and Som Bohora for their contributions and support toward this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leigh E. Ridings
    • 1
  • Lana O. Beasley
    • 2
  • Jane F. Silovsky
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Oklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA
  2. 2.Oklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA
  3. 3.Center on Child Abuse and NeglectUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA

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