Advertisement

Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 257–267 | Cite as

Big Five Personality Traits and Physical Aggression between Siblings in South Korea: an Actor-Partner Interdependence Analysis

  • Jeong Jin YuEmail author
  • Gum Ok Lim
  • Wendy C. Gamble
Original Article

Abstract

The present study examined actor and partner effects of the Big Five personality traits, assessed by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory, on physical aggression within sibling dyadic interactions. Data were collected from 86 target adolescents receiving counseling services, their mothers, and closest-age siblings in South Korea. Mothers rated their children’s personalities. Target adolescents and siblings reported their own personality, as well as their sibling’s and their own perpetration of physical aggression against one another. Substantial self-other (i.e., mother and sibling) agreement was found for personality traits. Both actor and partner effects were found for the negative associations between extraversion, openness to experience, and conscientiousness and physical aggression among siblings. The current findings increase our understanding of personality traits implicated in physical aggression in general, and specifically aggression among siblings.

Keywords

Big Five personality traits Physical aggression Siblings Actor-partner interdependence model 

References

  1. Ahn, C., & Lee, K. (1996). Clinical application of NEO personality inventory. The Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 8, 65–75.Google Scholar
  2. Arbuckle, J. L. (2009). Amos 18 user’s guide. Crawfordville: Amos Development Corporation.Google Scholar
  3. Asendorpf, J. B., & van Aken, M. A. G. (2003). Validity of big five personality judgments in childhood: a 9 year longitudinal study. European Journal of Personality, 17, 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bank, L., Patterson, G. R., & Reid, J. B. (1996). Negative sibling interaction patterns as predictors of later adjustment problems in adolescent and young adult males. In G. H. Brody (Ed.), Sibling relationships: Their causes and consequences (pp. 197–229). Norwood: Ablex.Google Scholar
  5. Barlett, C. P., & Anderson, C. A. (2012). Direct and indirect relations between the Big 5 personality traits and aggressive and violent behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 870–875.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barr, M. D. (2016). Confucianism: Classical, neo- and “new”. In J. Haynes (Ed.), Routledge handbook of religion and politics (2nd ed., pp. 55–69). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Bowes, L., Wolke, D., Joinson, C., Lereya, S. T., & Lewis, G. (2014). Sibling bullying and risk of depression, anxiety, and self-harm: a prospective cohort study. Pediatrics, 134, e1032–e1039.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Button, D. M., & Gealt, R. (2010). High risk behaviors among victims of sibling violence. Journal of Family Violence, 25, 131–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Caffaro, J. V. (2014). Sibling abuse trauma: Assessment and intervention strategies for children, families, and adults (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Cha, B. K., & Sohn, J. N. (2006). Stress, anger, anger expression, and depression between battered women and non-battered women. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 15, 187–196.Google Scholar
  11. Connolly, J. E., Kavanagh, E. J., & Viswesvaran, C. (2007). The convergent validity between self and observer ratings of personality: a meta-analytic review. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 15, 110–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Costa Jr., P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Professional manual: Revised NEO personality inventory (NEO PI-R) and NEO five-factor inventory (NEO-FFI). Lutz: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  13. DeNeve, K. M., & Cooper, H. (1998). The happy personality: a meta-analysis of 137 personality traits and subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 197–229.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Duncan, R. D. (1999). Peer and sibling aggression: an investigation of intra- and extra-familial bullying. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14, 871–886.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fossati, A., Borroni, S., & Maffei, C. (2012). Bullying as a style of personal relating: personality characteristics and interpersonal aspects of self-reports of bullying behaviours among Italian adolescent high school students. Personality and Mental Health, 6, 325–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Funder, D. C., & Dobroth, K. M. (1987). Differences between traits: properties associated with interjudge agreement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 409–418.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Gamble, W. C., & Yu, J. J. (2008). Adolescent siblings’ looking glass self-orientations: patterns of liabilities and associations with parenting. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37, 860–874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gamble, W. C., Yu, J. J., & Kuehn, E. D. (2011). Adolescent sibling relationship quality and adjustment: sibling trustworthiness and modeling, as factors directly and indirectly influencing these associations. Social Development, 20, 605–623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gleason, K. A., Jensen-Campbell, L. A., & Richardson, D. S. (2004). Agreeableness as a predictor of aggression in adolescence. Aggressive Behavior, 30, 43–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Goodwin, M. P., & Roscoe, B. (1990). Sibling violence and agonistic interactions among middle adolescents. Adolescence, 25, 451–467.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Greer, K. B., Campione-Barr, N., & Lindell, A. K. (2015). Body talk: siblings’ use of positive and negative body self-disclosure and associations with sibling relationship quality and body-esteem. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44, 1567–1579.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Hardy, M. S. (2001). Physical aggression and sexual behavior among siblings: a retrospective study. Journal of Family Violence, 16, 255–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Heaven, P. C. L. (1996). Personality and self-reported delinquency: analysis of the “Big Five” personality dimensions. Personality and Individual Differences, 20, 47–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indices in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jensen-Campbell, L. A., Gleason, K. A., Adams, R., & Malcolm, K. T. (2003). Interpersonal conflict, agreeableness, and personality development. Journal of Personality, 71, 1059–1085.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Johnson, R. M., Duncan, D. T., Rothman, E. F., Gilreath, T. D., Hemenway, D., Molnar, B. E., et al. (2015). Fighting with siblings and with peers among urban high school students. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30, 2221–2237.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Kashy, D. A., & Kenny, D. A. (2000). The analysis of data from dyads and groups. In H. T. Reis & C. M. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in social and personality psychology (pp. 451–477). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Kenny, D. A., Kashy, D. A., & Cook, W. L. (2006). Dyadic data analysis. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  29. Kim, D.-I., Hong, S., & In, H.-Y. (2006). A validation study of personality assessment inventory based on Big Five factors for adolescents in Korea. Journal of Yeolin Education, 14, 289–305.Google Scholar
  30. Lanthier, R. L. (2000). Intersibling agreement for Golderberg’s big five adjective markers. Psychological Reports, 86, 400–406.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. McCrae, R. R., & Costa Jr., P. T. (1990). Personality in adulthood. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  32. McCrae, R. R., & Costa Jr., P. T. (1991). The NEO personality inventory: using the five-factor model in counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development, 69, 367–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. McCrae, R. R., & Costa Jr., P. T. (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. American Psychologist, 52, 509–516.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A., & 79 Members of the Personality Profiles of Cultures Project (2005). Personality profiles of cultures: Aggregate personality traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 407–425.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A., De Fruyt, F., De Bolle, M., Gelfand, M. J., Costa Jr., P. T., et al. (2010). The validity and structure of culture-level personality scores: data from ratings of young adolescents. Journal of Personality, 78, 815–838.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  36. Mervielde, I., Buyst, V., & De Fruyt, F. (1995). The validity of the Big-Five as a model for teachers’ ratings of individual differences among children aged 4–22 years. Personality and Individual Differences, 18, 525–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Miller, J. D., Lynam, D., & Leukefeld, C. (2003). Examining antisocial behavior through the lens of the five factor model of personality. Aggressive Behavior, 29, 497–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Penley, J. A., & Tomaka, J. (2002). Associations among the Big Five, emotional responses, and coping with acute stress. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 1215–1228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Piedmont, R. L., & Chae, J.-H. (1997). Cross-cultural generalizability of the five-factor model of personality: development and validation of the NEO PI-R for Koreans. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 28, 131–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pursell, G. R., Laursen, B., Rubin, K. H., Booth-LaForce, C., & Rose-Krasnor, L. (2008). Gender differences in patterns of association between prosocial behavior, personality, and externalizing problems. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 472–481.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. Relva, I. C., Fernandes, O. M., & Costa, R. (2013). Psychometric properties of revised conflict tactics scales: Portuguese sibling version (CTS2-SP). Journal of Family Violence, 27, 577–585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sharpe, J. P., & Desai, S. (2001). The revised NEO personality inventory and the MMPI-2 psychopathology five in the prediction of aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 31, 505–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stocker, C. M., Burwell, R. A., & Briggs, M. L. (2002). Sibling conflict in middle childhood predicts children’s adjustment in early adolescence. Journal of Family Psychology, 16, 50–57.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., Boney-McCoy, S., & Sugarman, D. B. (1996). The revised conflict tactics scales (CTS2): development and preliminary psychometric data. Journal of Family Issues, 17, 283–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Tan, L., & Grace, R. C. (2008). Social desirability and sexual offenders: a review. Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment, 20, 61–87.Google Scholar
  46. Tani, F., Greenman, P. S., Schneider, B. H., & Fregoso, M. (2003). Bullying and the big five: a study of childhood personality and participant roles in bullying incidents. School Psychology International, 24, 131–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Tippett, N., & Wolke, D. (2015). Aggression between siblings: associations with home environment and peer bullying. Aggressive Behavior, 41, 14–24.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Tremblay, P. F., & Ewart, L. A. (2005). The Buss and Perry aggression questionnaire and its relation to values, the Big Five, provoking hypothetical situations, alcohol consumption patterns, and alcohol expectancies. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 337–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Vreeke, L. J., & Muris, P. (2012). Relations between behavioral inhibition, Big Five personality factors, and anxiety disorder symptoms in non-clinical and clinically anxious children. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 43, 884–894.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  50. Yoon, K., Schmidt, F., & Ilies, R. (2002). Cross-cultural construct validity of the five-factor model of personality among Korean employees. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 33, 217–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Yu, J. J., & Gamble, W. C. (2008). Familial correlates of overt and relational aggression between young adolescent siblings. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37, 655–673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yu, J. J., & Gamble, W. C. (2009). Adolescent relations with their mothers, siblings, and peers: an exploration of the roles of maternal and adolescent self-criticism. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 672–683.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Yu, J. J., & Gamble, W. C. (2012). Sibling maltreatment. In R. J. Levesque (Ed.), Encyclopedia of adolescence (pp. 2717–2725). New York: Springer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  2. 2.Gyeonggi Youth Counseling and Welfare CenterGyeonggiSouth Korea
  3. 3.Fun Science for KidsPhoenixUSA

Personalised recommendations