Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 259–269 | Cite as

The Contribution of Family Relationships to Child-to-Parent Violence

  • I. Ibabe
  • P. M. Bentler
Original Article


Child-to-parent violence is a social problem that is qualitatively different from other types of family violence, since adolescents direct their violence toward those who should represent authority and provide for their welfare. One of the goals of this study was to analyze the importance of the quality of family relationships and different strategies of family discipline with regard to violent or prosocial behavior of adolescents toward their parents. Structural Equation Modeling was used to test a model of violent behavior towards parents. Participants were 585 children aged between 12 and 18 from eight schools in the Basque Country (Spain). Positive family discipline and supervision were not associated with lower levels of violence against parents. Family relationships had direct effects on child-to-parent violence, and power-assertive discipline showed a mediating effect in that association. It seems that affectivity and quality of family relationships are the most important aspects for preventing violent behaviors.


Family environment Family discipline Violent behavior Prosocial behavior Adolescents 



This research was supported by a grant from the Department of Employment and Social Policies of the Basque Government (Spain) M115/10 to the first author.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Psychology and Behavior Sciences Methodology, University College of PsychologyUniversity of the Basque CountryDonostia-San SebastiánSpain
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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