Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 30, Issue 8, pp 1045–1053 | Cite as

The Co-Occurrence of Domestic and Child Violence in Urban Peru: Evidence from Three Regions

  • Martin Benavides
  • Juan Leon Jara Almonte
  • Marcela Ponce de Leon Marquina
Original Article

Abstract

Using a unique dataset collected from three regions in Peru (Huancavelica, Lima and Loreto), this study explores the co-occurrence of domestic and child violence within households; that is, the situation where a victim of domestic violence (mother) becomes a perpetrator towards other family members (children) in the same household. Secondly, the study seeks to analyze whether that relationship varies according to different levels of family wealth. The findings reveal that there is effectively, a co-occurrence between domestic and child violence.

Keywords

Child maltreatment Co-occurrence of violence Domestic violence Developing countries 

References

  1. Abramsky, T., Watts, C. H., Garcia-Moreno, C., Devries, K., Kiss, L., Ellsberg, M., & Heise, L. (2011). What factors are associated with recent intimate partner violence? Findings from the WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence. BMC Public Health, 11, 109–26.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Appel, A., & Holden, G. (1998). The Co-occurrence of spouse and physical child abuse: a review and appraisal. Journal of Family Psychology, 12(4), 578–599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Benavides, M., & Sarmiento, P. (2013). Violencia y maltrato infantil en dos comunidades afro-peruanas. Informe Final para la Fundación Bernard Van Leer.Google Scholar
  4. Bevand, E., & Higgins, D. J. (2002). Is domestic violence learned? The contribution of five forms of child maltreatment to men’s violence and adjustment. Journal of Family Violence, 17, 223–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Black, D., Sussman, S., & Unger, J. (2010). A further look at the intergenerational transmission of violence: witnessing interparental violence in emerging adulthood. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25(6), 1022–1042.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Cannon, E., Bonomi, A., Anderson, M., & Rivara, F. (2009). The intergenerational transmission of witnessing intimate partner violence. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 163(8), 706–708.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Chan, K. L. (2011). Co-occurrence of intimate partner violence and child abuse in hong Kong Chinese families. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(7), 1322–1342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cox, C. E., Kotch, J. B., & Everson, M. D. (2003). A longitudinal study of modifying influences in the relationship between domestic violence and child maltreatment. Journal of Family Violence, 18(1), 5–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ministerio de Salud (2012). Más de 76 mil atenciones en violencia familiar y maltrato infantil. Retrieved from http://www.minsa.gob.pe/portada/prensa/notas_auxiliar.asp?nota=11501.
  10. Firestone, J. M., Harris, R. J., & Vega, W. A. (2003). The impact of gender role ideology, male expectancies, and acculturation on wife abuse. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 26(5), 549–564.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Flake, D. F., & Forste, R. (2006). Fighting families: family characteristics associated with domestic violence in five Latin american countries. Journal of Family Violence, 21(1), 19–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gage, A. J., & Silvestre, E. A. (2010). Maternal violence, victimization, and child physical punishment in Peru. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34(7), 523–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. García-Moreno, C., Jansen, H., Ellsberg, M., & Watts, C. (2006). Prevalence of intimate partner violence: findings from the WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence. The Lancet Journal, 368(9543), 1260–1269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Giles-Sims, J. (1985). A longitudinal study of battered children of battered wives. Family Relations, 34, 205–210.Google Scholar
  15. Gómez, A. M., & Speizer, I. S. (2009). Intersections between childhood abuse and adult intimate partner violence among Ecuadorian women. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 13(4), 559–566.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Gonzales de Olarte, E., & Gavilano, P. (1999). ¿Es la pobreza una causa de la violencia? Respuestas de Lima. In A. Morrison & M. Loreto (Eds.), El Costo Del Silencio: violencia doméstica en las Américas. Washington: BID.Google Scholar
  17. Hartley, C. (2002). The co-occurrence of child maltreatment and domestic violence: examining both neglect and child. Child Maltreatment, 7(4), 349–358.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Heaton, T. B., & Forste, R. (2008). Domestic violence, couple interaction and children’s health in Latin America. Journal of Family Violence, 23(3), 183–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Heise, L. (1994). Gender-based abuse: the global epidemic. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 10(1) http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1590/S0102-311X1994000500009.
  20. Hindin, M., Kishor, S., & Ansara, D. (2008). Intimate partner violence among couples in 10 DHS countries: predictors and health outcomes. Calverton, Maryland: ORC Macro.Google Scholar
  21. Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática (2012). Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar 2012. Retrieved from: http://proyectos.inei.gob.pe/endes/2012/.
  22. Morrison, A., Ellsberg, M., Bott, S. (2007). Addressing gender-based violence: A critical review of interventions. The World Bank Research Observer. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  23. O’Keefe, M. (1995). Predictors of child abuse in maritally violent families. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 10(1), 3–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pinheiro, P. (2006). World report on violence against children. United Nations Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against children.Google Scholar
  25. Roberts, A., Gilman, S., Firzmaurice, G., Decker, M., & Koenen, K. (2010). Witness of intimate partner violence in childhood and perpetration of intimate partner violence in adulthood. Epidemiology, 21(6), 809–819.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Schewe, R., Howard, A., Staggs, S., & Mason, G. (2006). Factors associated with domestic violence and sexual assault victimization. Journal of Family Violence, 21(7), 469–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Straus, M., & Gelles, R. (1990). Physical violence in American families. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  28. Straus, M., Hamby, S., Finkelhor, D., Moore, D., & Runyan, D. (1998). Identification of child maltreatment with the parent-child conflict tactics scales: development and psychometric data for a national sample of American parents. Child Abuse and Neglect Journal, 22(4), 249–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tang, C. S. (2006). Corporal punishment and physical maltreatment against children: a community study on Chinese parents in Hong Kong. Child Abuse & Neglect, 30(8), 893–907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. UNICEF. (2007). State of the World’s Children 2008: child survival. New York: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).Google Scholar
  31. UNICEF. (2009). Child abuse: a painful reality behind closed doors. Challenges, 9, 1–12.Google Scholar
  32. Vadnais, D., Kols, A., & Abderrahim, N. (2006). Women’s lives and experiences: changes in the past ten years. Calverton: ORC Macro.Google Scholar
  33. Walker, L. E. (1984). The battered woman syndrome. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  34. Widom, C. S. (1989). The cycle of violence. Science, 244(4901), 160–166.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. World Health Organization (WHO). (2002). World report on violence and health. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  36. Youssef, R. M., Attia, M. S., & Kamel, M. I. (1998). Children experience violence I: parental use of corporeal punishment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 22(10), 959–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Benavides
    • 1
    • 2
  • Juan Leon Jara Almonte
    • 2
  • Marcela Ponce de Leon Marquina
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SociologyPontificia Universidad Catolica del PeruLimaPeru
  2. 2.Group for the Analysis of DevelopmentLimaPeru

Personalised recommendations