Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 343–352 | Cite as

Child-to-Parent Violence in Adolescents: The Perspectives of the Parents, Children, and Professionals in a Sample of Spanish Focus Group Participants

  • Esther CalveteEmail author
  • Izaskun Orue
  • Lorena Bertino
  • Zahira Gonzalez
  • Yadira Montes
  • Patricia Padilla
  • Roberto Pereira


This study explored the characteristics of child-to-parent violence (CPV) in Spain based on the narrations of adolescents who perpetrate this kind of violence, their parents, and the professionals who work in this area. A qualitative design was used. Focus groups were asked about the risk factors associated with CPV, such as exposure to family violence, discipline, and psychological characteristics of the adolescents. Interviews were videotaped, transcribed, and reviewed independently by each investigator to identify and group distinct comments into categories with specific themes. Results suggest that CPV is mainly linked to exposure to marital conflict and family violence, permissive discipline, emotional disengagement in the father-child relationship, and symptoms of emotional stress and substance consumption in the children. Lastly, acts of CPV seem to be an attempt by the children to gain power in the context of family relations in which the parents display their incapacity to establish control. As several family and personal characteristics appear to be involved in CPV, it is recommended that family and individual approaches be considered for treatment.


Child-to-parent violence Discipline Exposure to violence Focus group Adolescents 



This research was supported by a grant from the Gobierno Vasco, Departamento de Educación, Universidades e Investigación, PI2011-45, and from Bizkailab, Reference 5736.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esther Calvete
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Izaskun Orue
    • 1
  • Lorena Bertino
    • 2
  • Zahira Gonzalez
    • 1
  • Yadira Montes
    • 2
  • Patricia Padilla
    • 1
  • Roberto Pereira
    • 2
  1. 1.University of DeustoBilbaoSpain
  2. 2.Escuela Vasco Navarra de Terapia FamiliarBilbaoSpain
  3. 3.Department of Personality, Psychological Assessment and TreatmentUniversity of DeustoBilbaoSpain

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