Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 603–617 | Cite as

Cumulative Trauma, Personal and Social Resources, and Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms Among Income-assisted Single Mothers

  • Joan A. Samuels-Dennis
  • Marilyn Ford-Gilboe
  • Piotr Wilk
  • William R. Avison
  • Susan Ray
Original Article


Data from 247 single mothers were used to partially validate a theoretical model that highlights the process through which post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) develops among women. Structural equation modeling was used to assess the direct and indirect relationship between cumulative trauma (CT) and mothers’ PTSD symptom severity. Additionally, we examined the meditational role played by mothers’ strains and resources and the moderating role played by mothers’ residence in an intersectionally advantaged versus disadvantaged neighborhood. A good fit was found between the hypothesized model and data. Mothers’ strains and personal resources played a significant mediating role in the relationship between CT and PTSD symptom severity. Neighborhood of residence did not moderate the CT-PTSD process. Implication for practice and treatment are discussed.


Intersectionality Post-traumatic Stress symptoms Psychological and assaultive trauma Single mothers 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joan A. Samuels-Dennis
    • 1
  • Marilyn Ford-Gilboe
    • 2
  • Piotr Wilk
    • 3
  • William R. Avison
    • 3
  • Susan Ray
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Health Studies, School of NursingYork UniversityTorontoUSA
  2. 2.NursingUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  3. 3.SociologyUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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