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Developmental Antecedents of Interpartner Violence in a New Zealand Birth Cohort

Abstract

This paper examines the developmental antecedents of interpartner violence (IPV) victimization and perpetration in a New Zealand birth cohort (n = 828). The study found: (a) IPV occurred in 70% of relationships, with conflict ranging from minor psychological abuse to severe assault; (b) men and women reported similar experiences of victimization and perpetration of IPV; (c) exposure to abuse in childhood, family dysfunction and adversity, childhood and adolescent conduct problems, and alcohol abuse/dependence were significant predictors of IPV victimization and perpetration at age 25; and (d) the antecedents of IPV were largely the same for males and females, although the specific effects of these risk factors differed according to gender. Conduct disorder was more strongly predictive of IPV for females, whereas family adversity was more strongly predictive of IPV victimisation for males.

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Acknowledgements

This research was funded by grants from the Health Research Council of New Zealand, the National Child Health Research Foundation, the Canterbury Medical Research Foundation and the New Zealand Lottery Grants Board.

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Fergusson, D.M., Boden, J.M. & Horwood, L.J. Developmental Antecedents of Interpartner Violence in a New Zealand Birth Cohort. J Fam Viol 23, 737–753 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-008-9199-y

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Keywords

  • Interpartner violence
  • Gender differences
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Conduct disorder
  • Abuse exposure