Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 23, Issue 7, pp 589–596 | Cite as

Predictors of Weapon Use in Domestic Violence Incidents Reported to Law Enforcement

  • Poco KernsmithEmail author
  • Sarah W. Craun
Original article


The study’s aim was to determine the predictors of weapon use during domestic violence incidents that were reported to the police. Randomly selected cases (N = 369) from the San Diego County Sheriff’s department comprised the study sample. The predictor variables for weapon use included relationship type, relationship length, suspect drug or alcohol use, and restraining order status at the time of the attack. Suspect sex and race were included as control variables. A logistic regression demonstrated that victims who had restraining orders against the perpetrator were more likely to have a weapon used against them in a domestic violence incident. Suspect sex was significant in an unanticipated direction, with female perpetrators being more likely to use a weapon during a domestic violence incident.


Partner abuse Weapons Female perpetration 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wayne State UniversityDetroitUSA
  2. 2.College of Social WorkUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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