Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18 and 1991 Child Behavior Profile, University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry, Burlington, VT.
Baumrind, D. (1967). Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. Genet. Psychol. Monogr. 75: 43–88.
Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Dev. Psychol. Monogr. 4: 1–103.
Baumrind, D. (1977). The development of instrumental competence through socialization. In Minnesota Symposium on Child Development, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN, pp. 3–46.
Belsky, J. (1984). The determinants of parenting: A process model. Child Dev. 55: 83–96.
Bird, H. R., Gould, M. S., and Staghezza, B. (1991). Aggregating data from multiple informants in child psychiatry epidemiological research. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 31: 78–85.
Bowlby, J. (1988). A Secure Base, Basic Books, New York.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The Ecology of Human Development, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
Cascardi, M., O'Leary, K. D., and Schlee, K. A. (1999). Co-occurrence and correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression in physically abused women. J. Fam. Viol. 14: 227–249.
Conners, C. K. (1997). Conners Rating Scale-Revised Technical Manual, Multi-Health Systems, North Tonawanda, NY.
Cummings, E. M. (1998). Children exposed to marital violence: Conceptual and theoretical directions. In Holden, G. W., Geffner, R., and Jouriles, E. N. (eds.), Children Exposed to Marital Violence: Theory, Research, and Applied Issues, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, pp. 55–93.
Davies, P. T., and Cummings, E. M. (1994). Marital conflict and child adjustment: An emotional security hypothesis. Psychol. Bull. 116: 387–411.
Derogatis, L. R., and Melisaratos, N. (1983). The Brief Symptom Inventory: An introductory report. Psychol. Med. 13: 595–605.
Diagnostic and statistical manual—Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). (1994). American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC.
Fantuzzo, J. W., DePaola, L. M., Lambert, L., Martino, T., Anderson, G., and Sutton, S. (1991). Effects of interparental violence on the psychological adjustment and competencies of young children. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 59: 258–265.
Garmezy, N., Masten, A. S., and Tellegen, A. (1984). The study of stress and competence in children: A building block for developmental psychopathology. Child Dev. 55: 97–111.
Graham-Bermann, S. A., and Levendosky, A. A. (1998). The social functioning of preschool age children whose mothers are emotionally and physically abused. J. Emotional Abuse 1: 59–84.
Grych, J. H., Jouriles, E. N., Swank, P. R., McDonald, R., and Norwood, W. D. (2000). Patterns of adjustment among children of battered women. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 68: 84–94.
Holden, G. W., and Ritchie, K. L. (1991). Linking extreme marital discord, child rearing, and child behavior problems: Evidence from battered women. Child Dev. 62: 311–327.
Holden, G. W., Stein, J. D., Ritchie, K. L., Harris, S. D., and Jouriles, E. N. (1998). Parenting behaviors and beliefs of battered women. In Holden, G. W., Geffner, R., and Jouriles E. N. (eds.), Children Exposed to Marital Violence: Theory, Research, and Applied Issues, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, pp. 289–233.
Horowitz, M., Wilner, N., and Alvarez, W. (1979). Impact of Event Scale: A measure of subjective stress. Psychosol. Med. 41: 209–218.
Hughes, H. M., and Luke, D. A. (1998). Heterogeneity in adjustment among children of battered women. In Holden, G. W., Geffner, R., and Jouriles, E. N. (eds.), Children Exposed to Marital Violence: Theory, Research, and Applied Issues, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, pp. 185–221.
Jaffe, P. G., Wolfe, D. A., and Wilson, S. K. (1990). Children of Battered Women, Sage, Newbury Park, CA.
Jouriles, E. N., McDonald, R., Stephens, N., Norwood, W., Spiller, L. C., and Ware, H. S. (1998). Breaking the cycle of violence: Helping families departing from bettered women's shelters. In Holden, G. W., Geffner, R., and Jouriles, E. N. (eds.), Children Exposed to Marital Violence: Theory, Research, and Applied Issues, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, pp. 337–369.
Jouriles, E. N., McDonald, R., Spiller, L. C., Norwood, W. D., Swank, P. R., Stephens, N., Ware, H., and Buzy, W. M. (2001). Reducing conduct problems among children of battered women. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 69(5): 774–785.
Kerig, P. K., Fedorowicz, A. E., Brown, C. A., Patenaude, R. L., and Warren, M. (1998). When warriors are worriers: Gender and children's coping with interparental violence. J. Emotional Abuse 1(2): 89–114.
Kerig, P. K., Fedorowicz, A. E., Brown, C. A., and Warren, M. (2000). Assessment and intervention for PTSD in children exposed to violence. In Geffner, R. A., Jaffe, P. G., and Sudermann, M. (eds.), Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Current Issues in Research, Intervention, Prevention, and Policy Development, Haworth, New York, pp. 161–184.
Kobak, R. R., Cole, H. E., Ferenz-Gillies, R., Fleming, W. S., and Gamble, W. (1993). Attachment and emotion regulation during mother-teen problem solving: A control theory analysis. Child Dev. 64: 231–245.
Lehmann, P. (1997). The development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample pf child witnesses to mother assault. J. Fam. Viol. 12: 241–256.
Masten, A. S. (2001). Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development. Am. Psychol. 56: 227–238.
Masten, A. S., and Wright, M. O. (1998). Cumulative risk and protection models of child maltreatment. In Rossman B. B. R., and Rosenberg, M. S. (eds.), Multiple Victimization of Children: Conceptual, Developmental, Research, and Treatment Issues, Haworth Press, New York, pp. 7–30.
Margolin, G. (1998). Effects of domestic violence on children. In Trickett, P. K., and Schellenbach, C. J. (eds.), Violence Against Children in the Family and Community, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, pp. 57–101.
Margolin, G., John, R. S., Chosh, C. M., and Gordis, E. B. (1998). Family interaction process: An essential tool for exploring abusive relations. In Cahn, D. D., and Lloyd, S. A. (eds.), Family Abuse: A Communication Perspective, Sage, Newbury Park, CA, pp. 37–58.
McCloskey, L. A., Figueredo, A. J., and Koss, M. P. (1995). The effects of systematic family violence on children's mental health. Child Dev. 66: 1239–1261.
Miller, D. (1977). Handbook of Research Design and Social Measurement, David McKay Co., New York.
Patterson, G. R., and Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1984). The correlation of family management practices and delinquency. Child Dev. 55: 1299–1307.
Pepler, D. J., and Moore, T. E. (1989). Children exposed to family violence: Home environments and cognitive functioning. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Kansas City, MO.
Pynoos, R. S., Frederick, C., Naker, K., Arroyo, W., Steinberg, A., Eth, S., Nunez, R., and Fairbanks, L. (1987). Life threat and posttraumatic stress in school-age children. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 44: 1057–1063.
Robinson, C. C., Mandleco, B. L., Olsen, S. F., Bancroft-Andrews, C., McNeilly, M. K., and Nelson, L. (1995, March). Authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting practices: Psychometric support for a new measure. Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Indianapolis, IN.
Rosenbaum, A., and O'Leary, K. D. (1981). Children: The unintended victims of marital violence. Am. J. Ortho. 5: 692–699.
Rossman, B. B. R. (2000). Time heals all: How much and for whom? J. Emotional Abuse 2: 31–50.
Rossman, B. B. R., Bingham, R. D., and Emde, R. N. (1997). Symptomatology and adaptive functioning for children exposed to normative stressors, dog attack, and parental violence. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 36: 1–9.
Rossman, B. B. R., Hughes, H. M., and Rosenberg, M. S. (2000). Children in Violent Families: The Impact of Exposure, Taylor & Francis, Washington, DC.
Rossman, B. B. R., and Rosenberg, M. S. (1992). Family stress and functioning in children: The moderating effects of children's beliefs about their control over parental conflict. J. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 33: 699–715.
Straus, M. A. (1979, February). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The conflict tactics (CT) scales. J. Marriage Family 75–88.
Sullivan, C. M., Rumptz, M. H., Campbell, R., Eby, K. K., and Davidson, W. S. (1996). Retaining participants in longitudinal community research: A comprehensive protocol. J. Appl. Behav. Sci. 32: 262–276.
Sullivan, C. M., Juras, J., Prewitt, A., Veldhoff, J., Stutzky, G., and Rotter, J. (1997, June). The forgotten variable: The role of the assailant in impacting the resiliency of children exposed to domestic violence. Paper presented at the International Conference on Children Exposed to Family Violence, London, Ontario, Canada.
Wildin, S. R., Williamson, W. D., and Wilson, G. S. (1991). Children of battered women: Developmental and learning profiles. Clin. Pediatr. 30: 299–304.
Wolfe, V. V., Gentile, C., and Wolfe, D. A. (1989). The impact of sexual abuse on children: A PTSD formulation. Behav. Therapy 20: 215–228.
Wolfe, D. A., Jaffe, P., Wilson, S. K., and Zak, L. (1985). Children of battered women: The relation of child behavior to family violence and maternal stress. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 53(5): 657–665.