Journal of Fluorescence

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 513–522 | Cite as

Liposomal Form of Tetra(Aryl)Tetracyanoporphyrazine: Physical Properties and Photodynamic Activity In Vitro

  • Andrey V. Yudintsev
  • Natalia Yu. Shilyagina
  • Darya V. Dyakova
  • Svetlana A. Lermontova
  • Larisa G. Klapshina
  • Evgeniy L. Guryev
  • Irina V. BalalaevaEmail author
  • Vladimir A. Vodeneev


Tetra(aryl)tetracyanoporphyrazines are the promising group of dyes for photodynamic therapy of tumors with unique combination of photosensitizer properties and sensitivity of fluorescence parameters to the environment viscosity. However, in vivo application of such hydrophobic photosensitizers requires using of drug carriers ensuring efficient delivery to the tumor site. The present study is focused on obtaining liposomes loaded with tetrakis(4-benzyloxyphenyl)tetracyanoporphyrazine and examining their properties depending on lipid composition. An efficient loading of the dye and a high long-term stability were proved for the liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine with cholesterol and phosphatidylglycerol. This can be explained by the presence of negatively charged lipids in the bilayer and, as a consequence, a high value of the surface potential. A high rate of cellular uptake and a strong photoinduced toxicity give the prerequisites for the further use of the liposomal form of the photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy of tumors.


Porphyrazine Liposomes Photodynamic therapy Photosensitizer Fluorescent molecular rotor 



The work was financially supported by Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation: A.V. Yudintsev and E.L. Guryev are thankful for personal research activity support (grants no. 6.7083.2017/9.10 and no. 20.6515.2017/9.10); N.Yu. Shilyagina is thankful for supporting cellular studies of porphyrazine (contract МК-980.2017.4); I.V. Balalaeva is thankful for supporting chemical synthesis work (government assignment number 6.3099.2017).

Compliance of Ethical Standards

Declaration of Interest

The authors report no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrey V. Yudintsev
    • 1
  • Natalia Yu. Shilyagina
    • 1
  • Darya V. Dyakova
    • 1
  • Svetlana A. Lermontova
    • 1
    • 2
  • Larisa G. Klapshina
    • 1
    • 2
  • Evgeniy L. Guryev
    • 1
  • Irina V. Balalaeva
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Vladimir A. Vodeneev
    • 1
  1. 1.Lobachevsky UniversityNizhny NovgorodRussia
  2. 2.G.A. Razuvaev Institute of Organometallic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of SciencesNizhny NovgorodRussia
  3. 3.Sechenov First Moscow State Medical UniversityMoscowRussia

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