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Synthesis, Spectroscopic Characterization and DFT/TD-DFT Calculations of new Fluorescent Derivatives of Imidazo[4′,5′:3,4]Benzo[c]Isoxazole


An increasingly wide variety of fluorescent compounds is used in biotechnology, genomics, immunoassays, array technologies, imaging, and drug discovery. Therefore, synthesis of fluorophores with novel structural features can be interesting and useful in various fields. In this paper, four new fluorescent heterocyclic compounds with high quantum yields are introduced. These new fluorophores are synthesized in moderate to high yields via regioselective nitration of 3-alkyl-8-(4-chlorophenyl)-3 H-imidazo[4′,5′:3,4]benzo[c]isoxazoles. The latter compounds are obtained from the reaction of 1-alkyl-5-nitro-1 H-benzoimidazoles with (4-chlorophenyl)acetonitrile in basic MeOH solution. Physical spectral (UV-vis, IR, 1HNMR, 13C NMR, NOESY and fluorescence) and analytical data have established the structures of synthesized compounds. The fluorescence properties of new fluorescent heterocyclic compounds are studied. The fluorescence of all compounds is very intense and fluorescence quantum yields are high (> 0.52). Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are performed to provide the optimized geometries, relevant frontier orbitals and the prediction of 1H NMR chemical shifts for confirming the exact structure of fluorescent compounds. Calculated electronic absorption spectra were also obtained by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) method.

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Correspondence to Mehdi Pordel.

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Ramezani, S., Pordel, M. & Beyramabadi, S. Synthesis, Spectroscopic Characterization and DFT/TD-DFT Calculations of new Fluorescent Derivatives of Imidazo[4′,5′:3,4]Benzo[c]Isoxazole. J Fluoresc 26, 513–519 (2016).

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  • 3 H-Imidazo[4′,5′:3,4]benzo[c]isoxazole
  • Density functional theory
  • Fluorescence
  • Emission and absorption spectra