Journal of Fusion Energy

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 205–212 | Cite as

The Effect of the Shape of the Anode Head on the Nitrogen Soft X-Ray Emission from a Dense Plasma Focus Device: a Numerical Investigation Using the Modified Lee Model Code Accompanied by Experiments

  • Hadi Barati
  • Morteza HabibiEmail author
Original Research


An alternative way for calculating the magnetic field in the Lee Model Code has been used. The effects of the various anode-tip shapes on the DPF behavior have been studied. The current and impedance calculations have been employed for these investigations. For the conical anode tip, the best pinch current and soft x-ray radiation have been seen in simulations which was in good agreement with the empirical results. The investigations were carried out for the voltages of 11, 12, and 13 kV and the pressure range of 1–6 Torrs. The asymmetry in the discharging current has been investigated through three arbitrarily defined cathode current distribution patterns. The simulations showed that asymmetry in the axial discharge current increased the plasma Impedance and consequently reduced the soft x-ray emission.


Dense plasma focus (DPF) Lee model code Plasma inductance Anode shape Current asymmetry 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Energy Engineering and PhysicsAmirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran

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