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Economic Analysis Between Diesel and SOFC Electricity via Fusion-Biomass Hybrid Model

A Correction to this article was published on 31 October 2020

This article has been updated


The fusion-biomass hybrid model system, which takes waste biomass from municipal and agricultural areas as well as forests as feedstock, produces either diesel through the Fischer–Tropsch (FT) reaction or electricity by the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). This system produces synthesis gas by endothermic pyrolytic gasification using high temperature fusion heat. A temperature of over 700 °C of exterior thermal heat from the fusion reactors with a duel cooled lithium lead blanket and its technical extension bring about biomass gasification to produce maximum amounts of chemical energy and synthetic gas, from feedstock. First, synthetic gas that contains hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO) can be converted into artificial diesel (–CH2–), which is regarded as “carbon–neutral”. The other is to generate electricity by putting synthetic gas into SOFC at various scales, not only at the plant scale but also at the residential scale. This paper aims to conduct an economic analysis of the fusion-biomass hybrid model by comparing diesel and SOFC electricity under the assumption of the investment of a biomass plant with an FT reaction facility and one with SOFC. A sensitivity analysis is performed applying diesel price, electricity price, SOFC efficiency, diesel subsidy, and fusion heat cost. These results can help in targeting which products are economically justified in the circumstances of variable environmental policies under different policies and economic situations, which would have a significant impact on commercial fusion designing.

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Fig. 9

Change history

  • 31 October 2020

    In Figure, the in/outlet temperature changes between the nuclear fusion reactor and the gasifier should refer to Takeda et al. We further thank Dr. Takeda for fruitful discussions.



Diesel (kg)

Bp :

Diesel price ($/kg)

Bs :

Diesel subsidy ($/kg)


Depreciation rate

Ep :

Electricity price ($/MWh)


Feedstock cost


Synthetic gas (kg)

Ge :

Energy value of synthetic gas (MJ)


Gross income


Lifetime of system

NFc :

Fusion heat cost ($/MWh)


Net income after tax


Operation and maintenance ($)

Oh :

Annual operating hours (h)


System dynamics

Seffi :

SOFC efficiency (%)


Solid oxide fuel cell


Tax rate (%)


Total capital investment ($)

i :

Interest (discount) rate (%)

t :

Operating year (year)

μ :

Conversion ratio of MJ to MWh


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Correspondence to Hoseok Nam.

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Nam, H., Kasada, R. & Konishi, S. Economic Analysis Between Diesel and SOFC Electricity via Fusion-Biomass Hybrid Model. J Fusion Energ 37, 333–345 (2018).

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  • Nuclear fusion
  • Biomass gasification
  • Economic analysis
  • Diesel
  • Hydrogen
  • System dynamics