Lawrenceville Plasma Physics Inc. has initiated a 2-year-long experimental project to test the scientific feasibility of achieving controlled fusion using the dense plasma focus (DPF) device with hydrogen-boron (p-B11) fuel. The goals of the experiment are: first, to confirm the achievement of high ion and electron energies observed in previous experiments from 2001; second, to greatly increase the efficiency of energy transfer into the plasmoid where the fusion reactions take place; third, to achieve the high magnetic fields (>1 GG) needed for the quantum magnetic field effect, which will reduce cooling of the plasma by X-ray emission; and finally, to use p-B11 fuel to demonstrate net energy gain. The experiments are being conducted with a newly constructed dense plasma focus in Middlesex, NJ which is expected to generate peak currents in excess of 2 MA. Some preliminary results are reported.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
C.L. Leakeas, Parameteric studies of dense plasma focus for engineering space propulsion (P1-TR-91–3014, Phillips Laboratory, AFSC, USA, 1991)
C.C. Choi, Engineering considerations for the self-energizing MPD-type fusion plasma thruster (PL-TR-91-3087, Phillips Laboratory, AFSC, USA, 1992)
G.H. Miley et al., Use of a plasma focus device for space propulsion, Advanced SEI Technologies Conference (AIAA-91-3617, 1991)
W.H. Bostick et al., Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 251, 2 (1975)
C.R. Haas et al., Dynamics of microstructures, in Proceedings of 3rd International Workshop on Plasma Focus (1984), p. 87
G. Herziger et al., Radiation and particle emission from a 1.6 kJ plasma focus, in Proceedings of International Conference on Plasma Physics, July 2–3, 1984 (Ecole polytechnique federal de Lausanne, Lausanne, 1984), p. 31
H. Schmidt et al., Ion and neutron emission of the Poseidon plasma focus, in Proceedings of 3rd International Workshop on Plasma Focus (1984), pp. 63–66
K.N. Koshelev et al., J. Phys. D 21, 1827 (1988)
W. Bostick, V. Nardi, W. Pryor, J. Plasma. Phys. 8, 7 (1973)
M. Sadowski et al., Phys. Lett. 105 A, 117 (1984)
L. Bertalot et al., Experiments on plasma focus dynamics, neutron production and ion emission,in IAEA Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion, International Conference, Brussels, July 1–10, 1980 (IAEA, Vienna, 1980), p. 177
J.S. Brzosko et al., Phys. Lett. A 192, 250 (1994)
J.S. Brzosko et al., Phys. Plasmas 2, 1259 (1995)
G.R. Neil, R.S. Post, Plasma Phys. 14, 425 (1988)
I. Volobuev et al., Sov. J., Plasma Phys. 14, 401 (1988)
K. Hirano et al., Plasma dynamics and charged particle emission in the plasma focus, in Proceedings of 11th Europe Conference Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, Aachen, Sept. 5–9, 1983 1 (European Physics Society, Geneva, 1983), p. 551
L. Jakubowski, M. Sadowski, J. Zebrowksi, Nucl. Fusion 41, 755 (2001)
L. Bertalot et al., Phys. Lett A 79, 389 (1980)
V. Nardi, et al., Phys. Rev. A22, 2211 (1984)
E.J. Lerner, Laser Particle Beams 4(2), 193 (1986)
E.J. Lerner, A.L Peratt, Final Report, Jet Propulsion Laboratory contract 959962 (1995)
E.J. Lerner, in Current Trends in International Fusion Research—Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium, ed. by E. Panarella, NRC (Research Press, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON K1A 0R6 Canada, 2007)
Method and apparatus for producing X-rays, ion beams and nuclear fusion energy US Patent # 7,482,607
E.J. Lerner, R.E. Terry, in Current Trends in International Fusion Research—Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium, (National Research Council of Canada, 2009) pp. 11–22
J.R. McNally, Nucl. Fusion 15, 344 (1975)
G.S. Miller, E.E. Salpeter, I. Wasserman, ApJ 314, 215 (1987)
H. Hora, Plasmas at High Temperature and Density. Section 2.6 (Springer, Heidelberg, 1991)
S. Lee, App. Phys. Lett. 92, 021503 (2008)
D.R. Slaughter, W.L. Pickles, Nucl Instrum Methods 160, 87–92 (1979)
V.A. Gribkov et al., Trudy FIAN 127:32 (in Russian) (1980)
M. Milanese, J. Pouzo, Small Plasma Physics Experiments, (World Scientific Publishing, London, 1988), p. 66
S.P. Tsybenko, R. Miklaszewski, NUKLEONIKA 45, 163 (2000)
The authors wish to thank John Thompson for his major contributions to the design and construction of FF-1.
About this article
Cite this article
Lerner, E.J., Krupakar Murali, S. & Haboub, A. Theory and Experimental Program for p-B11 Fusion with the Dense Plasma Focus. J Fusion Energ 30, 367–376 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10894-011-9385-4
- Dense plasma focus
- Quantum magnetic field effect
- Nuclear fusion
- Aneutronic Fusion