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Reaction of Individual Physiological Barriers in Bacterial Infection in Different Races of the Honeybee Apis mellifera

  • Comparative and Ontogenic Physiology
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Abstract

This work deals with study of differences between races of the honeybee Apis mellifera with respect to involvement in the protective reaction to bacterial infection of the barrier physiological mechanisms—of responses of intestine and hemolymph cells. The states of the intestine parts is evaluated; the rates of accumulation and elimination of bacteria from the midgut are determined in the honeybees treated once and repeatedly by a preparation based on the food Bacillus thuringiensis (BTB). The hemolymph cells were also studied cytologically. It was shown that under conditions of this experiment the honeybees of the middle-Russian race were characterized by an optimal combination and participation of all considered barrier mechanisms in response to penetration into the organism and development of the bacterial pathogen. A suggestion is put forward about the genetically fixed differences in functions of the physiological mechanisms between the diverged races as well as about the incomplete realization of adaptive potential in the honeybees of Caucasian race introduced in the Republic and in hybrid individuals due to the stress produced by the environmental factors.

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Translated from Zhurnal Evolyutsionnoi Biokhimii i Fiziologii, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2005, pp. 254–258.

Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by Saltykova, Ben’kovskaya, Gaifullina, Novitskaya, Poskryakov, Nikolenko.

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Saltykova, E.S., Ben’kovskaya, G.V., Gaifullina, L.R. et al. Reaction of Individual Physiological Barriers in Bacterial Infection in Different Races of the Honeybee Apis mellifera . J Evol Biochem Phys 41, 318–324 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10893-005-0065-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10893-005-0065-8

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