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The Journal of Ethics

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 419–434 | Cite as

Metaphysics and the Future-Like-Ours Argument Against Abortion

  • Eric VogelsteinEmail author
Article

Abstract

Don Marquis’s “future-like-ours” argument against the moral permissibility of abortion is widely considered the strongest anti-abortion argument in the philosophical literature. In this paper, I address the issue of whether the argument relies upon controversial metaphysical premises. It is widely thought that future-like-ours argument indeed relies upon controversial metaphysics, in that it must reject the psychological theory of personal identity. I argue that that thought is mistaken—the future-like-ours argument does not depend upon the rejection of such a theory. I suggest, however, that given a widely-accepted view about contraception and abstinence, the argument is committed to contentious metaphysics after all, as it relies upon a highly controversial assumption about mereology. This commitment is not only relevant for those who are inclined to endorse the argument but reject the mereological view in question, but in addition entails dialectical and epistemological liabilities for the argument, which on some views will be fatal to the argument’s overall success.

Keywords

Abortion Future-like-ours Don Marquis Personal identity Contraception Universalism Mereology Metaphysics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

For helpful comments and discussion on earlier versions of this paper, I thank Alex Grzankowski, Erick Ramirez, Guha Krishnamurthi, and attendees at the 2014 meeting of the North Carolina Philosophical Society.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Duquesne UniversityPittsburghUSA

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