Integral Model of Noise of an Engine-Propeller Power Plant

  • P. A. Moshkov
  • V. F. Samokhin

A semiempirical model is proposed for estimation of the noise levels produced by aircraft piston power plants in the far acoustic field, which takes account of the main sources of noise. The acoustic field is considered as a superposition of fields formed by the radiations from a propeller and a piston engine. For calculation estimation of the levels of tonal noise of the propeller, it is proposed that a semiempirical method developed by the authors earlier be used. To determine the levels of vortex propeller noise which is presumably dominant in the broad-band noise of tractor propellers, it is proposed that one analytical model of trailing-edge noise be used. An empirical model of noise is proposed for calculation of the acoustic characteristics of a piston engine. Good agreement is shown between calculated and experimental data on the noise of power plants with tractor propellers. The data have been derived in acoustic testing of light aircraft of the An-2, Yak-18T, MAI-223M, and F30 type under static conditions at the aviabase of the Moscow Aviation Institute. Lines of further research are formulated for improvement of this procedure and expansion of the field of its application.


propeller noise of a propeller noise of a piston engine noise of a power plant aeroacoustics noise of an aircraft noise of an unmanned flying vehicle 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    P. A. Moshkov, Classification of sources of environmental noise of light propeller-driven aircraft, Nauchn.-Tekh. Vestn. Povolzh′ya, No. 4, 101−106 (2015).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. A. Moshkov and V. F. Samokhin, Experimental determination of the role of a piston engine in the total noise of the power plant of a light propeller-driven aircraft, Vestn. Moskovsk. Aviats. Inst., 23, No. 2, 50−61 (2016).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. Ya. Gutin, On the acoustic field of a rotating propeller, Zh. Tekh. Fiz., 6, No. 5, 899−909 (1936).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Ya. Gutin, On the sound of rotation of a propeller, Zh. Tekh. Fiz., 12, Nos. 2−3, 76−85 (1942).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. Ya. Nepomnyashchii, Study and calculation of the sound of a propeller, Tr. TsIAM, Issue 39, 71−78 (1941).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. G. Munin and V. E. Kvitka (Eds.), Aviation Acoustics [in Russian], Mashinostroenie, Moscow (1973).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. I. Ganabov and A. G. Munin, On calculation of the rotational noise of a single propeller with blades of arbitrary shape, Uch. Zap. TsAGI, XX, No. 5, 43−52 (1989).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. F. Kop′ev, V. A. Titarev, and I. V. Belyaev, Development of a procedure of supercomputer-aided calculation of propeller noise, Uch. Zap. TsAGI, XLV, No. 2, 78−106 (2014).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. A. Moshkov and A. A. Yakovlev, On the problem of numerical simulation of propeller noise, Nauchn.-Tekh. Vestnik Povolzh′ya, No. 6, 275−277 (2014).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. F. Samokhin, On one approach to calculation of the far acoustic field of a propeller, Tr. TsAGI, Issue 2355, 65−75 (1988).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. F. Samokhin, Semiempirical method for estimating the noise of a propeller, J. Eng. Phys. Thermophys., 85, No. 5, 1157−1166 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. F. Samokhin, Power method for calculating the far acoustic field of the helicopter lift rotor, J. Eng. Phys. Thermophys., 84, No. 3, 599−610 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    I. V. Abalakin, P. A. Bakhvalov, V. G. Bobkov, T. K. Kozubskaya, and V. A. Anikin, Numerical simulation of aerodynamic and acoustic characteristics of a ducted fan, Mat. Modelir., 27, No. 10, 125−144 (2015).zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. B. Hanson, Compressible helicoidal surface theory for propeller aerodynamics and noise, AIAA J., 21, No. 6, 881−889 (1983).CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. G. Dmitriev and V. F. Samokhin, A system of algorithms and software to calculate environmental noise of aircraft, Uch. Zap. TsAGI, XLV, No. 2, 137−157 (2014).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    I. V. Malkin, Development of Hardware and Software for Reduction of Noise Radiations of the Gas-Transfer System of a Car Engine, Candidate′s Dissertation in Technical Sciences, GNTs RF "NAMI," Moscow (2014).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yu. R. Vakhitov and S. A. Zagaiko, Approximate method of calculation of the internal-combustion-engine exhaust noise, Izv. MGTU "MAMI," 9, No. 1, 11−14 (2010).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    V. V. Galevko, G. G. Nadareishvili, and S. I. Yudin, Improvement of the procedure of calculation and experimental determination of acoustic characteristics of exhaust-system′s elements, Vektor Nauki Tol′yattinsk. GU, 25, No. 3, 124−127 (2013).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. O. A. L. Davis and K. R. Holland, IC engine intake and exhaust noise assessment, J. Sound Vib., 223, Issue 3, 425−444 (1999).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. L. Yakovenko, Development of the Procedure and Tools for Prediction of the Structural Noise of an Internal Combustion Engine, Author′s Abstract of Candidate′s Dissertation in Technical Sciences, MADI (GTU), Moscow (2009).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    V. V. Tupov, Structural noise of an air-cooled internal combustion engine and methods of its reduction, Bezopasnost′ Tekhnosfere, No. 6, 63−69 (2012).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    P. A. Moshkov, Empirical method for prediction of the noise of aircraft piston engines, Vestn. Samarsk. Gos. Aérokosmich. Univ. im. akad. S. P. Koroleva, 15, No. 2, 152−161 (2016).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. A. Moshkov, Prediction and Reduction of Environmental Noise of Light Propeller-Driven Aircraft, Candidate′s Dissertation in Technical Sciences, MAI (NIU), Moscow (2015).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    H. H. Hubbard and K. P. Shepard, Wind turbine acoustics, NASA Technical Paper 3057, DOE/NASA/20320-77 (1990).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    V. F. Samokhin and P. A. Moshkov, Experimental investigation of acoustic characteristics of the An-2 aircraft power plant under static conditions, Tr. MAI, Issue 82 (2015); (date of publication 26.06.2015).
  26. 26.
    P. A. Moshkov, Results of experimental investigation of acoustic characteristics of the power plant of an ultralight aircraft under static conditions, Nauchn.-Tekh. Vestnik Povolzh′ya, No. 6, 265−270 (2014).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    T. F. Brooks, D. S. Pope, and M. A. Marcolini, Airfoil self-noise and prediction, NASA References Publication 1218 (1989).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Leslie, K. C. Wong, and D. Auld, Broadband noise reduction on a mini-UAV propeller, 14th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conf., AIAA Paper 2008-3069, Vancouver, Canada (2008).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.JSC “Sukhoi Civil Aircraft” (AO “GSS”)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Federal State Unitary Enterprise “N. E. Zhukovskii Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute”ZhukovskiiRussia

Personalised recommendations