Advertisement

Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics

, Volume 89, Issue 6, pp 1538–1544 | Cite as

Conditions and Characteristics of the Ignition of a Typical Vegetable Combustible Material by a Local Energy Source

Article
  • 38 Downloads

This paper presents the results of experimental studies of the ignition of a typical vegetable combustible material (dry grass) by a single particle heated to high temperatures. The ignition conditions correspond to the rather typical conditions of the action on a vegetable combustible. The dependence of the ignition delay time of dry grass on the initial temperature of the particle has been obtained, and the limiting temperatures of combustion initiation have been determined. A hypothesis on the mechanism of heat transfer in a heated bed of the material during the induction period has been formulated.

Keywords

ignition vegetable fuel heated particles ignition delay time 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    X. Silvani and F. Morandini, Fire spread experiments in the field: Temperature and heat fluxes measurements, Fire Safety J., 44, Issue 2, 279–285 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. Morvan, S. Meradji, and G. Accary, Physical modelling of fire spread in Grasslands, Fire Safety J., 44, Issue 1, 50–61 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. P. Kurbatskii, Seasonal changes in the moisture content of needles, leaves, and twigs of the main species of taiga trees, in: Problems of Forest Pyrology [in Russian], Inst. of Forest and Wood, Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences of USSR, Krasnoyarsk (1970), pp. 155–185.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. M. Grishin and A. I. Fil′kov, Forecast of Forest Fire Ignition and Propagation [in Russian], Praktika, Kemerovo (2005).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. J. Stocks, M. E. Alexander, R. S. McAlpine, et al., Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System, Canadian Forestry Service, Ottawa (1987).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. P. Kurbatskii and T. V. Kostyrina, US national fire danger rating system, in: Detection and Analysis of Forest Fires [in Russian], Inst. of Forest and Wood, Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences of USSR, Krasnoyarsk (1977), pp. 38–90.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. X. Viegas, G. Bovio, A. Ferreira, et al., Comparative study of various methods of fire danger evaluation in Southern Europe, Int. J. Wildland Fire, 10, No. 4, 235–246 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. V. Kuznetsov, G. Ya. Mamontov, and G. V. Taratushkina, Ignition of condensed substance with "hot" particle, Khimichesk. Fiz., 23, No. 3, 67–73 (2004).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. V. Kuznetsov, G. Ya. Mamontov, and G. V. Taratushkina, Numerical simulation of ignition of a condensed substance by a particle heated to high temperatures. Combust., Explos., Shock Waves, 40, Issue 1, 70–76 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. O. Glushkov, G. V. Kuznetsov, and P. A. Strizhak, Numerical simulation of solid-phase ignition of metallized condensed matter by a particle heated to a high temperature, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B, 5, No. 5, 1000–1006 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    O. V. Vysokomornaya, G. V. Kuznetsov, and P. A. Strizhak, Simulation of the ignition of liquid fuel with a local source of heating under conditions of fuel burnout, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B, 5, No. 4, 668–673 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. V. Kuznetsov and P. A. Strizhak, 3D problem of heat and mass transfer at the ignition of a combustible liquid by a heated metal particle, J. Eng. Thermophys., 18, Issue 1, 72–79 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. V. Kuznetsov and P. A. Strizhak, The influence of heat transfer conditions at the hot particle–liquid fuel interface on the ignition characteristics, J. Eng. Thermophys., 18, Issue 2, 162–167 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. V. Volokitina and M. A. Sofronov, Classification and Mapping of Vegetable Combustible Materials [in Russian], Izd. SO RAN, Novosibirsk (2002).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Anderson, B. Simpson, R. J. Hall, P. Englefield, M. Gartrell, and J. M. Metsaranta, Integrating forest fuels and land cover data for improved estimation of fuel consumption and carbon emissions from boreal fires, Int. J. Wildland Fire, 24, 665–679 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. S. Wright, R. D. Ottmar, R. E. Vihnanek, and D. R. Weise, Stereo Photo Series for Quantifying Natural Fuels. Grassland, Shrubland, Woodland, and Forest Types in Hawaii, Gen. Tech. Rep. 2002, PNW-GTR-545, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR (2002).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    G. P. Yakovlev and K. F. Blinova (Eds.), Encyclopedic Dictionary of Herbs and of Products of Animal Origin [in Russian], 2nd enlarged and revised edn., SpetsLit, St. Petersburg (2002), pp. 80–81.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    F. P. Trinus, Pharmatherapeutic Handbook [in Russian], 6th edn., Zdorov′Ya, Kiev (1989).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. V. Baranovskiy and A. V. Zakharevich, Experimental research of grassy rags ignition by heated up to high temperatures carbon particle: in Innovations in Chemical Physics and Mesoscopy. Book 1. Multifunctional Materials and Modeling, Apple Academic Press, USA (2016), pp. 11–18.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    F. I. Yanson, Perennial Herbs in the North-West Zone [in Russian], Kolos, Leningrad (1978).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. V. Zakharevich, G. V. Kuznetsov, V. I. Maksimov, and V. T. Kuznetsov, Ignition of model composite propellants by a single particle heated to high temperatures, Combust., Explos., Shock Waves, 44, No. 5, 543–546 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. D. Flannigan, Y. Bergeron, O. Engelmark, and B. M. Wotton, Future wildfire in circumboreal forests in relation to global warming, J. Veg. Sci., 9, 469–476 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. D. Flannigan, B. J. Stocks, and B. M. Wotton, Climate change and forest fires, Sci. Total Enironv., 262, No. 3, 221–229 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    N. V. Baranovskii, A. V. Zakharevich, and V. I. Maksimov, Conditions for ignition of a layer of forest combustibles under local heating, Khim., Fiz., Mezoskopiya, 14, No. 2, 175–180 (2012).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    N. V. Baranovskiy and A. V. Zakharevich, Experimental study of forest fuel ignition by the source of limited energy capacity, Appl. Mech. Mater., 756, 342–346 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    G. V. Kuznetsov and N. V. Baranovskii, Forecast of Forest Fires and Their Ecological Consequences [in Russian], Izd. SO RAN, Novosibirsk (2009).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. V. Zakharevich, Influence of experimental conditions on the ignition characteristics of dispersed wood, J. Eng. Phys. Thermophys., 87, No. 1, 93–97 (2014).MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    P. Caine, S. J. Puttick, J. Brindley, A. C. McIntosh, and J. F. Griffiths, Ignition of bulk solid materials by a localized hotspot, in: Proc. Symp. "Hazards XXI," 10–12 November, 2009, University of Manchester, Symposium series No. 155, pp. 191–200.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. D. Stokes, Fire ignition by copper particles of controlled size, J. Electr. Electron. Eng., 10, 188–194 (1990).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    G. W. G. Rowntree and A. D. Stokes, Fire ignition by aluminum particles of controlled size, J. Electr. Electron . Eng., 14, 117–123 (1994).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    V. Babrauskas, Ignition Handbook: Principles and Applications to Fire Safety Engineering, Fire Investigation, Risk Management, and Forensic Science, Fire Science Publishers, Issaquah (2003), P. 843.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    R. M. Hadden, S. Scott, Ch. Lautenberger, and C. Fernandez-Pello, Ignition of combustible fuel beds by hot particles: an experimental and theoretical study, Fire Technol., 47, No. 2, 341–355 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    V. N. Vilyunov, Theory of Ignition of Condensed Substances [in Russian], Nauka, Novosibirsk (1984).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    D. A. Frank-Kamenetskii, Diffusion and Heat Transfer in Chemical Kinetics [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1987).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    O. P. Korobeinichev, A. A. Paletsky, B. G. Munko, I. K. Shundrina, Haixiang Chen, and Naian Liu, Combustion chemistry and decomposition kinetics of forest fuels, Procedia Eng., No. 62, 182–193 (2013).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    N. V. Baranovskiy, A. V. Zakharevich, and D. S. Osotova, Experimental study of pine forest fuel layer ignition by the steel heated particle, EPJ Web Conf., 82, Paper 01020 (2015).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tomsk National Research InstituteTomskRussia

Personalised recommendations